European Historical Earthquakes Archive: the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake. An earthquake of at least 4.3 magnitude hits parts of Kent, on Saturday 28th April damaging homes and leaving thousands without power. A 4.1 magnitude earthquake struck outside Dover, Delaware on Thursday evening. British Prime Minister Theresa May recently gave official notice that Britain is leaving the European Union, a move narrowly approved by British voters in a 2016 referendum. But how many earthquakes have there been in the UK in 2020? William Courtenay, the Archbishop of Canterbury convened a synod that met in Blackfriars, in London on the day of the earthquake. The earthquake caused widespread damage in south-eastern England and in the Low Countries. Head of seismology at BGS Dr Brian Baptie told the BBC that the UK only gets around one earthquake each year of such a size, but rarely in the Bedfordshire area. In Flanders, chimneys fell and cracks opened in the walls of Ghent and Oudenarde, killing several people. Tsunami fears as earthquake hits UK Written by queen mudder. Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. We experience a magnitude 5 roughly every 10–20 years. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. UK. dover earthquake uk. In addition to the usual vague accounts of damage at unamed localities, there are some details of damage at Canterbury and Hollingbourne in Kent, and at London (minor). Rescuers pull young girl from Izmir rubble, four days since earthquake .  Mancall notes that Churchyard's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing. A 4.1 magnitude earthquake struck outside Dover, Delaware on Thursday evening. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. UK. On Wednesday night we were visited by a severe shock of an earthquake. The findings of Neilson, Musson and Burton who established less significant 1776 and 1950 earthquakes in the Dover Strait ponts towards a return period of about 200 … AN EARTHQUAKE has rattled Dover in Delaware on east coast of the USA with people in Philadelphia, Washington and New York reporting shaking. Here, residents describe their experiences. The Colchester earthquake, also known as the Great English earthquake, occurred on the morning of 22 April 1884 at 09:18. New England was hit by strongest earthquake in the region for decades. Other earthquakes in the Dover Straits. It caused considerable damage in Colchester and the surrounding villages in Essex. 1 photo(s) UK 2 July 2013 +1 21:23 Dan Earthquake; 143. There are various separate tunnel systems, including those associated with the Napoleonic outer bastions (East Demi Bastion, Horseshoe Bastion, East Arrow Bastion and Hudson's Bastion) and those at the North-West Spur. Europe. Historical earthquakes studies on the earthquake with maps and macroseismic intensities.  None in this study occurred before 1727, but the same team devoted an article to the 1580 earthquake that year, the classic study. Musson in 2008 gave a magnitude of 5.8 ML, while Camelbeek et al. It was the largest British earthquake since the 2002 Dudley earthquake and the strongest in the Dover Straits since a magnitude 4.4 earthquake in 1950. The UK is not a country generally associated in the public mind with earthquakes. [.. continues. ] This showed that only two major earthquakes (by UK standards) are recorded to have affected the Dover Strait. This has been used to estimate intensity in the range VII-VIII. It fell during Easter week, an omen-filled connection that was not lost on the servant-poet James Yates, who wrote ten stanzas on the topic: Yates' poem was printed in 1582 in The Castell of Courtesy. [See many other publications by Musson, not given here. The Kent incident is the largest recorded in Britain since an earthquake in Dudley in 2002. Dover Straits Earthquake April 28th 2007. • Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives Friday, 26 April 2002, and following messages, which, taken together, compile references used to write this article. Get the latest BBC News: breaking news, features, analysis and debate plus audio and video content from England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. UK 2 July 2005 … The causes of earthquakes in the UK are unclear, but may include "regional compression caused by motion of the Earth’s tectonic plates, and uplift resulting from the melting of the ice sheets that covered many parts of Britain thousands of years ago." At Beauvais, the bells rang as though sounding the tocsin. Navy & 900 extra border staff to protect Dover in No Deal Brexit She added: "Now we are living in [it]. James Yates, "Verses written for a requisite remembrance of the earth quake which happened on Wednesday the 6. of April. Wikipedia: 1580, Dover Straits Earthquake, Go to: Dover Straits Earthquake, 6th April 1850. "Every two or three years we get one of this size. It had an estimated magnitude of 6.0 Ms and a maximum felt intensity of VII-VIII on the Mercalli intensity scale. It was a magnitude of 4.2, shacking windows and causing walls to creak when it struck 1.4 miles off the coast near Ramsgate at 2.52am. Conteining A generall doctrine of sundrie signes and wonders, specially Earthquakes both particular and generall: A discourse of the end of this world: A commemoration of our late Earthquake, the 6 of April, about 6 of the clocke in the evening 1580. The British Geological Survey gave the earthquake a reading of 4.3 on the Richter scale, while the USGS and the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre estimated that the earthquake had a body wave magnitude of 4.6 and 4.7 respectively. Earthquake. Dover Straits ~4.1: This earthquake was similar to the event of 9 January 1950. The BBC reports that "Hundreds of houses in Folkestone have been damaged by the earthquake which struck parts of Kent". On Wednesday night we were visited by a severe shock of an earthquake. The most damaging UK earthquake was in the Colchester area in 1884. The location of this and two other moderate magnitude historical earthquakes in the Dover Strait suggests that the North Artois shear zone or some of its fault segments may be presently active. The effects of the Dogger bank earthquake were felt across mainland Britain, France and Belgium. There is no record of casualties associated with this event. The earthquake in Bedfordshire is the largest in the UK so far in 2020. He said: “Leighton Buzzard is not an area that has been known for earthquakes in the past. It was felt at Havant. The 1382 Dover Straits earthquake occurred at 15:00 on 21 May. , Further from the coast, furniture danced on the floors and wine casks rolled off their stands. However, while the UK is nowhere near in the same league as high seismicity areas such as California and Japan, it nevertheless has a moderate rate of seismicity, sufficiently high to pose a potential hazard to sensitive installations such as dams and chemical plants. The most damaging UK earthquake was in the Colchester area in 1884. The earthquake is well recorded in contemporary documents, including the "earthquake letter" from Gabriel Harvey to Edmund Spenser mocking popular and academic methods of accounting for the tremors.  Being relatively deep, the quake was felt over a large area and it is not certain where the epicentre was located. The British Geological Survey estimates the magnitude to be 5.7–5.8 ML. Earthquakes around the British Isles in the last 50 days. Answer 1 of 8: Some sort of tremor or explosion being reported in Kent near Ashford- anybody know what's going on? Published by Henry Denham on 27 June 1580, Fleming's pamphlet was titled: A Bright Burning Beacon, forewarning all wise Virgins to trim their lampes against the coming of the Bridegroome. At Sandwich a loud noise emanated from the Channel, as church arches cracked and the gable end of a transept fell at St Peter's Church. Listen to the audio pronunciation of 1580 Dover Straits earthquake on pronouncekiwi It had an estimated magnitude of 6.0 Ms and a maximum felt intensity of VII-VIII on the Mercalli intensity scale. , The magnitude for this event has been estimated using the distribution of felt intensities. We experience a magnitude 5 roughly every 10–20 years. Near Hythe, Kent, Saltwood Castle—made famous as the site where the plot was hatched in December 1170 to assassinate Thomas Becket — was rendered uninhabitable until it was repaired in the 19th century.  In London there was damage to St Paul's Cathedral and Westminster Abbey with an estimated intensity of VI–VII. Research suggests that the largest possible earthquake in the UK is around 6.5. Its effects started to be felt in London at around six o'clock in the evening of 6 April 1580, being Wednesday in the Easter week. The 1382 Dover Straits earthquake occurred at 15:00 on 21 May. KAROL STEELE, DOVER. The earthquake interrupted a synod convened in part to examine the religious writings of John Wycliffe, which became known as the Earthquake Synod. Based on contemporary reports of damage, the epicentre is thought to have been in the Straits of Dover. Two later quakes in the Dover Strait, in 1776 and 1950, both thought to be around magnitude 4, were noted in the 1984 compilation by R.M.W. Just before the earth shook there was a deep rumbling noise and the whole of our street shook in an east-west motion. , In the Low Countries damage was reported from Ypres, Bruges, Liege and Ghent.. Burton. The causes of earthquakes in the UK are unclear, but may include "regional compression caused by motion of the Earth’s tectonic plates, and uplift resulting from the melting of the ice sheets that covered many parts of Britain thousands of years ago." . The coastal town of Filey in Yorkshire was worst hit and a spire of a churc… The causes of earthquakes in the UK are unclear, but may include "regional compression caused by motion of the Earth’s tectonic plates, and uplift resulting from the melting of the ice sheets that covered many parts of Britain thousands of years ago." You can find out here with our history of earthquakes in the UK. Very minor damage was done either side of the Dover Straits. Britain's biggest earthquake in seven years has hit Kent. Indeed, many Puritans blamed the emerging theatre scene of the time in London, which was seen as the work of the Devil, as a cause of the quake. Source for much detail in this article. Significant earthquakes also struck the Dover Straits in 1776 and 1580; the latter had an magnitude of 5.7 ML and caused damage as far as London where two people were killed by falling masonry. The epicentre was undoubtedly between Dover and Calais, and the earthquake was felt over most of England, certainly as far as York and possibly as far as Edinburgh in Scotland (the dating of the Edinburgh report is uncertain). , Magnitude 6 earthquake (21 May 1382) affecting south-eastern England and the Low Countries, "Geometry and kinematics of the Boulonnais fold and thrust belt (N France): implications for the dynamics of the Northern Variscan thrust front", "The seismicity of the British Isles to 1600", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1382_Dover_Straits_earthquake&oldid=961210041, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 June 2020, at 06:19. How strong wa… The epicentre was off the coast of Kent, and the effects were felt as far inland as London. Earthquakes of magnitude 5 or higher occur about every eight years, the, (pp. The waves were caused by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. In London, half a dozen chimney stacks and a pinnacle on Westminster Abbey came down; two children were killed by stones falling from the roof of Christ's Church Hospital. Set forth in verse and prose, by Thomas Churchyard, gentleman. However, while the UK is nowhere near in the same league as high seismicity areas such as California and Japan, it nevertheless has a moderate rate of seismicity, sufficiently high to pose a potential hazard to sensitive installations such as nuclear power stations, dams and chemical plants. And a praier for the appeasing of Gods wrath and indignation. This earthquake also affected in general: Chichester district, East Hampshire, Havant district, Arun district and the city of Portsmouth. Some 1200 buildings needed repairs, chimneys collapsed and walls were cracked. Ben Pruchnie/Getty Images . Magnitude 5 Earthquake (6 April 1580) affecting England and France, Mild earthquakes are quite common. Research suggests that the largest possible earthquake in the UK is around 6.5. Even though the Dover Strait is some distance from the capital, the city's clay soils have a tendency to amplify any shaking. The earthquake, which lasted a few seconds, was felt as far afield as Essex, East Sussex and Suffolk. Windows cracked in the cathedral of Notre Dame at Pontoise, and blocks of stone dropped ominously from the vaulting. 14 September 1777: Manchester, England ~4.4: Felt widely in Manchester, Macclesfield, Preston, Wigan, Stockport and the surrounding area.Slight damage and considerable alarm to church congregations was caused in Manchester and vicinity. The British Geological Survey said the tremor, which occurred at 0818 BST, was the largest British earthquake since one in Dudley, West Midlands, in 2002. The White Cliffs of Dover are the closes point in England to France, and the Dover Strait is the site of what was once a land bridge connecting to the European mainland. In terms of overall destruction caused it is certainly the most destructive earthquake to have hit the United Kingdom in at least the last 400 years, since the Dover Straits earthquake of 1580. At magnitude 3 an earthquake is … Its effects started to be felt in London at around six o'clock in the evening of 6 April 1. , English writer Thomas Churchyard, then aged 60, was in London when the quake struck and he drafted an immediate account which was published two days later. Earthquakes of magnitude 4.2 ML occur in mainland UK roughly every 5 … 142. Also the earthquake was felt over much of Northern France, throughout the Low Countries, and perhaps also in Germany. , The epicentral location has also been estimated from the distribution of felt intensities. "It being reported to the King that the Master of Gray his house did shake and rock in the night as with an earthquake, and the King (then 14 years old) interrogated, "The 'London' earthquake of 1580 April 6", in, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of earthquakes in the United Kingdom, "London warned: you're overdue for an earthquake", Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives, European Historical Earthquakes Archive: the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1580_Dover_Straits_earthquake&oldid=982335998, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) (estimate), 2 killed in England, "many" in France and "several" in Flanders, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 14:39. Tower blocks trembled, chimneys and masonry were damaged, and one man had his pelvis broken after being pinned to the floor of his attic bedroom by a falling stone. This earthquake also affected in general: Chichester district, East Hampshire, Havant district, Arun district and the city of Portsmouth. The geological structure of the eastern part of the English Channel is dominated by the WNW-ESE trending boundary between rocks deformed by the Variscan orogeny and the more stable London-Brabant Massif, known as the Northern Variscan Thrust Front. 2 Way UK 3 August 1983 21:16 Alison Streeter; 149. Just before the earth shook there was a deep rumbling noise and the whole of our street shook in an east-west motion. The earthquake, which lasted a few seconds, was felt as far afield as Essex, East Sussex and Suffolk.  Based on contemporary reports of damage, the epicentre is thought to have been in the Straits of Dover. The shock was … One was recorded in 1382 and a quake in 1580 killed two people in London. The tsunami took almost four hours to reach the UK. Lisbon earthquake (1755) The coast of Cornwall was hit by a 3 m (10 ft) high tsunami on 1 November 1755, at around 14:00. The synod was intended to consider the challenges to the church by the group of thinkers that became known as the Lollards, particularly the writings of John Wycliffe. Documentation for this event is quite good, both in England and in the Low Countries, allowing an epicentre in the Dover Straits to be fixed with reasonably certainty. 2007 gave 6.0 Ms . . FOLKESTONE (Reuters) - Kent was hit by a small earthquake …  There was damage far inland, in Cambridgeshire, where stones fell from Ely Cathedral. Decoded Science, 2014, by Jennifer Young. These events occurred such a long time ago, however (1382 and 1580), that their interpretation is difficult. It was felt at Havant. Wikipedia: 1580, Dover Straits Earthquake, Go to: Dover Straits Earthquake, 6th April 1850. The manor house and church at Hollingbourne, Kent were also badly damaged. The strongest earthquake officially recorded in the UK was in June 1931 in Dogger Bank in the North Sea with a magnitude of 6.1 on the Richter scale. "This is by no means a complete surprise," he said. Earthquake in Kent region of UK could involve Channel Tunnel There has been a significant earthquake in South-East England. It was 8.18am on Saturday, April 28, 2007 when an earthquake struck Kent. There were aftershocks. January 28th. 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