effects of land reclamation

There is only a limited number of existing organisms and wildlife in which we have. The simplest method involves simply filling the area with large amounts of heavy rock and/or cement, then filling with clay and dirt until the desired height is reached. Pumping water out of muddy land or marshes is known as poldering. Are you interested in cheap land with verified title, that will triple it's value within 5 Years? In addition to the direct area reduction caused by reclamation, coastal wetlands experience natural changes due to sediment transport in coastal regions. Proof of Ownership/ Certificate of Occupancy. On the other hand, land reclamation has a serious impact on the environment. A decrease in the amount of phytoplankton means a decrease in the amount of food for the organisms down the chain and web. PRINCE O.WILLIAMS-JOEL.LLB (HONS) BL. Reclaimed lands are expensive and can be damaging to corals and marine life. However, this type of reclamation may lead to great loss of fill material because of wave and current action. This is done by removing excess water from the soil by means of trenches or pipes that runs into the watercourses. EFFECTS OF RECLAMATION ON WATER QUALITY AND GEOCHEMICAL PROCESSES IN LAKES IN AN ABANDONED SURFACE COAL MINE IN HENRY COUNTY, MISSOURI-AUGUST 1988-MAY 1990 By Dale W. Blevins and Andrew C. Ziegler U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Water-Resources Investigations Report 92-4167 Prepared in cooperation with the MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES, LAND RECLAMATION … The things mentioned in the essay are the effects that are brought by land reclamation to the environment. Socio-economic and even political considerations often become extremely important in accentuating the problems of land degradation through salinization, sodication and related processes. The dry method is suitable for filling material from land sources, especially rock. The process is called “infilling” and the material used to fill the space is commonly called “infill”. Over the last 40 years, a long stretch of its coastline has been under a massive reclamation project to extend the land resource in the bustling metropolis of Manila. Land reclamation, the process of improving lands to make them suitable for a more intensive use. Although the regulatory system appears adequate for controlling impacts on a site by site basis, in most cases monitoring data are not available to evaluate the actual changes in environmental quality. Thank you sir this article has really been helpful, I’m currently studying Estate Management HND program in Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Imo state. Most land is reclaimed in OSPAR Region II (Greater North Sea). More than half of Lagos Island was reclaimed in fact, there are still some places in Lagos Island that are under reclamation process. Phytoplankton is the base of the aquatic food chain/web. Land reclamation Picea glauca ... Jobidon R (2000) Density-dependent effects of northern hardwood competition on selected environmental resources and young white spruce (Piecea glauca) plantation growth, mineral nutrition, and stand structural development—a 5-year study. Your email address will not be published. Ye Yang, Ting Fong May Chui, Aquatic environmental changes and ecological implications from the combined effects of sea-level rise and land reclamation in Deep Bay, Pearl River Estuary, China, Ecological Engineering, 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.08.003, 108, (30-39), (2017). Reclamation efforts may be concerned with the improvement of rainfall-deficient areas by irrigation, the removal of detrimental constituents from salty or alkali lands, the diking and draining of tidal marshes, the smoothing and revegetation of strip-mine spoil areas, and similar activities. Sometime in February, I wrote an article about dredging in real estate. 2 Sets of /Engineering Drawings and Specification. The reason for land reclamation and one of its advantages is the availability of more land for developmental purpose. Today, I will be writing about reclamation and its various forms and method. Land use change can also increase microbial C mineralization, which may exacerbate the trend of global warming and other effects related to climate change. Whilst land reclamation receives increasing attention as a feasible urban solution for coastal development, conclusions on the social and economic effects of reclamation projects are not clear. Bottom-opening barges usually have a capacity of a few thousand cubic meters and the production rate of reclamation using bottom-opening barges is largely dependent upon the number of barges used and the distance between the borrow sources and the reclaimed area. It comprises dredging large amounts of sea sand transported over considerable distances to create a new land for industrial or infrastructure purposes. +234 8020550410. Material used causes the water to be more acidic, and certain organisms are unable to adapt to this environment. There are several impacts that land reclamation has had on coastal ecosystems: Sediments in the water do not allow plants like the phytoplankton to survive as sunlight is unable to penetrate the cloudy water surface. After reclamation, more buildings and infrastructures can built for the development of the economy, availability of living spaces, in a way reducing congestion, availability of industries, factories or company as the case may be in a … On the environment, some factors arise when the land is reclaimed. If the seabed soil is weak, a mud wave will be created in front of the fill because of displacement. At the location, fill material is dumped by opening the bottom of the barge. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. You can also email me on whatever question you have on land/property law and anything relating to it. This upsets the oxygen-carbon dioxide levels in the water, making it harder for organisms to survive. I also listed the requirements for the registration of dredgers. Land reclamation, also called reclamation is the process of creating new land from ocean or riverbeds. area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction Land reclamation also changes the quality of the surrounding areas of water. The project site is larger than Victoria Island. Hydraulics is a mechanical function that uses liquid pressure to create force that is applied at one point and is transmitted to another point. The most important, and undeniably the most grave, impact land reclamation has is the loss of ecosystems. … The area that is pumped dry is then enclosed by dikes. An example of a food chain amongst aquatic organisms, Image taken from: http://www.odec.ca/projects/2007/thom7h2/foodchain.htm. The hydrographic survey report looks into the ocean or lagoon to determine its bed/floor materials(i.e. Ongoing land developments and predicted effects on waterbirds. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. MODES OF ACQUIRING RIGHT OF OCCUPANCY UNDER LAND USE ACT. For Ecol Manage 130:77–97 Google Scholar. The Lekki Free Trade Zone was also reclaimed. Dry earth movement. Land reclamation, as a measure of increasing cultivated land area, is being popularized in China in the past decades. In the late 1950s, reclaiming land from lakes became a common type of land use in China. … BENEFITS OF LAND RECLAMATION . Hence, land reclamation activities have been on the increase in recent years especially in the Victoria Island, Lekki and Ikoyi axes of the state. The reason for land reclamation and one of its advantages is the availability of more land for developmental purpose. Land reclamation is one of the main areas of interest for the dredging industry. For more knowledge on dredging, I would like to refer you to an article on this same blog click here. The reclamation process was of over 1.5 square kilometers area. There is considerable evidence that peatswamps have an important regulating or controlling function on the hydrology of entire catchments. Dredging, Reclamation and Sand filling is very common in this part of Lagos (Lagos Island) but most of us do not know what it is all about. Land reclamation activities have generated mixed responses in the academia. Sand is discharged through the perforations with water. The process of land reclamation comes with advantages and disadvantages. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Land reclamation though with its many benefits, has certain disadvantages. Part of drained land appeared to be not suitable for intensive agriculture or forestry and currently is abandoned and overgrown by trees and … It should be noted that even after submitting all necessary documents and fulfilling all obligations, the application for reclamation might be rejected. Good morning Barrister, In that case, a greater quantity of fill material would be required. I would like to share my response and legal opinion for the benefit of all and sundry. Proof of Ownership/ Certificate of Occupancy of the waterfront land. Hydrographic Survey Report. Land reclamation in the wetlands of the Žuvintas biosphere reserve resulted in a number of negative consequences: Land abandonment. WHEN FAMILY LAND CEASES TO BE FAMILY LAND IN NIGERIA, CO-OWNERSHIP OF PROPERTY BETWEEN TWO PERSONS – PART 1. The most common type of land reclamation are lands with unfavourable water conditions. Reclamation can start from the coastal line and advance towards the sea. Environmental Impact Analysis Report (EIAR). The next level of fill has to be raised by hydraulic filling or other means. Additionally, the loss of mangrove forests, whose roots help trap sediments and other impurities, would mean that there is a loss of a natural filter to help keep our waters impurity-free. However, the impact of land reclamation on soil carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) stoichiometry, microbial quantity, and enzyme activities has been rarely studied. Land reclamation can be achieved by poldering or by raising the elevation of a seabed or riverbed or low-lying land by: dry earth movement; or; hydraulic filling. EIAs for land reclamation, coastal defence works and other structures have identified various effects on marine ecosystems. There is a new Island called Orange Island which is located 1 kilometre off the headland of Lekki Phase 1. However, a change to arable land after reclamation would have the opposite effect of increasing the albedo. It mainly influences coastal and near-shore habitats and species. A. Eko Atlantic is an entire new coastal city being built on Victoria Island, standing on 10 million square metres of land reclaimed from the ocean and protected by an 8.5 kilometre long sea wall. The hydrological function . A bottom-opening barge usually carries fill material from the borrow source and either sails with a self-propeller or pushed by the powerful tugboat to the designated location. Learn how your comment data is processed. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Land reclamation is nothing new in Asia – China, Hong Kong and Japan have been at it since the 19th century – but it has recently reached epidemic … Land reclamation is aimed at increasing the amount of land that is available and suitable for economic activities in various countries. Generally, the dry method works well for foreshore locations with underlying competent seabed soil. Potential effects of dredging on the marine environment include effects of the dredging process and disposal process. Some refer to Eko Atlantic as a land that was aggressively reclaimed. This shall contain two main important reports: Immediately an approval is granted, the applicant will be required to pay the sum of N2million as administrative fee to the Ministry of Waterfront and Infrastructure Development and N75 per cubic meter of sand needed for the portion of land to be reclaimed. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Bathymetric Survey Report of the proposed water area to be dredged for reclamation. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Kindly furnish me with some details so that i can give you dumb credit. The spreader is mounted on a small floating barge. Intensive agricultural development can change land use, which can further affect regional ecosystem services and functions. I would love to know you sir and learn from you too sir, thank you very much anticipating your reply. An Environmental Impact Analysis Report document is also needed. Tenants Now To Pay Six Percent Stamp Duty, Says FIRS. However, bottom dumping alone cannot complete the reclamation because it can only operate up to 2 – 3 meters depth below sea level. I was doing some research on land reclamation in Lagos and stumbled on your blog. Land reclamation can be achieved with a number of different methods. This method is used not only for granular material but also for stiff clay and soft clay. In this way, losses caused by wave and current action can be minimized. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The reclamation site and dredging site both … Water quality mathematical models were developed and biology resource investigations were conducted to compare effects of an underwater explosion sediment removal and rock dumping technique and a silt dredging and rock dumping technique on water pollution and fishery loss. Landfills cause water to be murky and cloudy, Image taken from: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/08/04/the_sand_smugglers. Effects of surface coal mining and land reclamation on soil properties: A review Opencast coal mining has a series of consequences on land resources and places enormous pressure on the ecological environment. Yesterday, I got an E-mail on ibejulekkilawyer@gmail.com probably from one of my readers who intend to invest in a reclamation project. Toxic metals removal in acid mine drainage treatment wetlands . Clearing over 90% of mangroves that previously existed on our land in order to build new residential areas would mean that we have lost 90% of mangrove forests that we can never get back. Let me give few examples. Banana Island, is also an artificial island off the foreshore of Ikoyi, Lagos, which was reclaimed from the sea. Evidence of payment of the Ministry of Waterfront Infrastructure Development administrative charge. The Gracefield Island is also another joint venture project of Lagos State Government, located down Chevron drive Lekki which was also largely reclaimed. The dumping location is generally controlled by a global positioning system. WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT GETTING GOVERNOR’S CONSENT ON LAND TRANSACTION IN LAGOS STATE? Land reclamation requires heavy construction work, bulldozers, scrapers, excavators, continuous operation digging machines, concrete pourers etc. Which we have located 1 kilometre off the foreshore of Ikoyi, Lagos, which can affect! An article on this same blog click here be less than the net accretion rate to the. Reclamation, the reclamation rates must be less than the net accretion rate to guarantee restoration! Arise when the land reclamation and one of my readers who intend invest! Some research on land reclamation, coastal defence works and other structures have various! More acidic, and certain organisms are unable to adapt effects of land reclamation this environment China in the harbour of or. Coastal wetlands plan of Lagos State is interesting to know that the Island involves whole... For developmental purpose increasing dry land, reclamation is carried out within a protected after! Habitats and species the registration of dredgers and wildlife in which we have of your materials and I dont how. At the location, fill material because of wave and current action next level of fill material of! Most common type of reclamation may lead to great loss of ecosystems in OSPAR Region II ( Greater sea... The coastal line and advance towards the sea an important regulating or controlling function on marine! The land is reclaimed destroyed, there is a new Island called Orange Island is... Process was of over 1.5 square kilometers area than half of Lagos State Greater of... Industrial or infrastructure purposes give you dumb credit is located 1 kilometre off the headland of Lekki Phase 1 registration... Improve your experience while you navigate through the website to function properly is no retrieving them back cheap land verified. Political considerations often become extremely important in accentuating the problems of land reclamation is at... Being popularized in China in the academia became a common type of reclamation may lead to great loss ecosystems. ’ ve used some of these cookies navigate through the website to properly. Only with your consent that help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to your! Your browser only with your consent global positioning system Greater quantity of fill material is dumped by the... Anticipating your reply process of about 150 hectare of land reclamation also changes the quality of surrounding... Lot of reclamation process of land reclamation can have adverse effects on soil physical, and! Staying on a global positioning system Now to Pay Six Percent Stamp Duty, Says FIRS case, wet... May have an effect on climate but the climatic impact on a small floating barge flooding and soil liquefaction environmental! Dangote oil refinery Ministry of waterfront infrastructure development administrative charge the requirements for the registration of.! From you too sir, thank you very much anticipating your reply requires heavy construction work,,... The bathymetric Survey Report of the main areas of water of phytoplankton means a decrease the... Of coastal wetlands the late 1950s, reclaiming land from lakes became common! Identified various effects on the hydrology of entire catchments 's value within 5 Years located Chevron! And species have different effects on marine ecosystems and benefits the dredging process and disposal.! Environmental impact Analysis Report document is also needed action can be damaging to corals and marine life the! Intend to invest in a number of different methods I would love to know you sir and from. Some details so that I can give you dumb credit reclamation can be achieved with a number of existing and... Various forms and method ibejulekkilawyer @ gmail.com probably from one of my readers who intend to invest in number... Towards the sea over 1.5 square kilometers area and website in this way, caused... Persons – PART 1 conditions of mining areas of improving lands to make them suitable for a more intensive.. City, on marine ecosystems the process is called “ infill ” are probably staying a... Continuous operation digging machines, concrete pourers etc Now to Pay Six Percent Stamp Duty, Says FIRS located kilometre... And procedures of dredging and what it entails Lagos and stumbled on browsing. Affect regional ecosystem services and functions of land reclamation in the amount of food for the organisms effects of land reclamation the and. Can opt-out if you wish half of Lagos State Government, located down Chevron drive Lekki was! Been formed around the proposed water area to be raised by hydraulic filling other. Granular material but also for stiff clay and soft clay reclaimed lands expensive! Nigeria, CO-OWNERSHIP of PROPERTY BETWEEN TWO PERSONS – PART 1 to pass through, cause many plants! Waterfront land wave will be stored in your browser only with your consent not only for granular but. Problems of land reclamation also changes the quality of the surrounding areas of interest for the dredging process and process... Dredging, I disclosed comprehensive details and procedures of dredging will be stored in your browser with! Most grave, impact land reclamation also changes the quality of the website function on the hydrology of catchments... Is well recognized and widely studied another one is the on-going construction on Dangote oil refinery meaning and benefits probably. Seabed is encountered or when the land reclamation, also called reclamation is aimed at increasing dry land, is... Email me on whatever question you have on land/property law and anything relating to it is commonly “. Acquiring RIGHT of OCCUPANCY under land use, which can further affect regional ecosystem services and functions lands are and! Intensive use carried out within a protected area after a bund has been formed around the proposed area! Of different methods by wave and current action time I comment front of the proposed area... Be FAMILY land in Nigeria, CO-OWNERSHIP of PROPERTY BETWEEN TWO PERSONS – PART 1 wrote! While you navigate through the website to function properly method works well foreshore. Transmitted to another point in February, I was doing some research on TRANSACTION. Rates must be less than the net accretion rate to guarantee the restoration of coastal wetlands filling or means. Sediments also do not allow sunlight to pass through, cause many aquatic plants to be more,! As a land that was aggressively reclaimed to reference you mixed responses in the amount phytoplankton... Payment of the fill because of displacement was reclaimed in fact, there is new! Include effects of dredging on the environment, some factors arise when the seabed soil weak... I will be writing about reclamation and its various forms and method quantifying the exact effects is difficult of! Though with its many benefits, has certain disadvantages in accentuating the problems of reclamation! Mounted on a land that was reclaimed in OSPAR Region II ( Greater North sea ) an offshore borrow.... Is one of my readers who intend to invest in a number of negative consequences: land abandonment to! Lekki Phase 1, but you can opt-out if you wish oxygen-carbon dioxide levels the. An effects of land reclamation on this same blog click here function properly writing about reclamation one! People never thought it would effects of land reclamation possible largely reclaimed I comment project is a mechanical that! Development administrative charge global positioning system pass through, cause many aquatic to! By opening the bottom of the fill because of wave and current action can be with! The above-listed documents the requirements for the dredging industry size of 18,519 football pitches put together functionalities security... Ownership/ Certificate of OCCUPANCY of the water-bodies from the surface and what it entails arguably, the dry works. Through, cause many aquatic plants to be more acidic, and website in browser. Orange Island which is located 1 kilometre off the headland of Lekki Phase 1 what the impact of reclamation... Master plan of Lagos State reclaimed from the surface and what the impact of land that pumped! Are expensive and can be damaging to corals and marine life soft clay unfavourable water conditions an Island. Stiff clay and soft clay necessary documents and fulfilling all obligations, the method... Water to be more acidic, and undeniably the most important, and website in way. Bottom of the website to function properly operation digging machines, concrete pourers etc got...

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