south korea healthcare policy

The first social insurance service, introduced in 1977, started in companies that had more than 500 employees and gradually extended coverage to smaller sized firms. Expats with asthma or upper respiratory conditions should register with the national health scheme immediately upon arrival in the country, so that they can be prepared should the pollution cause any problems. This is due to the fact that the national health plan covers at most 60% of each medical bill. However, these plans will usually only cover expenses in the case of an accident. Health-Care System Ranks as One of the Least-Efficient", "Paying it Forward: Lessons from the Minnesota Project", "Universal Health Care Coverage In Korea", "Health Care Reform in South Korea: Success or Failure? A large benefit of having a baby in South Korea as a foreigner is the supreme level of care you will receive. Our Essential ServicesMake Relocating Easy for You. Medical facilities in South Korea are generally very high quality. If you feel you are not receiving the treatment that is right for you, or if you want a doctor who is more willing to answer your medical questions, consider looking around for a doctor that is accustomed to working with expats. You will do this by taking your ARC, passport, application form, and certificate of enrollment to your nearest Immigration office. It ranked second in cervical cancer survival rate at 76.8%, significantly ahead of Germany's 64.5% or the U.S. at 62.2%. Enemas and episiotomies are also common right before delivery. South Korea healthcare spending for 2017 was $2,283, a 11.89% increase from 2016. However, keep in mind that you will need to pay into both health insurance schemes. If you only need healthcare for common illnesses, day-to-day procedures, and emergency situations, then using this will be more than enough. South Korea’s proposed Moon Jae-In Care has been subject to both praise and protest this year. South Korea Politics & Policy Add to myFT. The … The amount someone … South Koreans have access to a universal healthcare safety net, although a significant portion of healthcare is privately funded. South Korea’s public healthcare system is referred to as National Health Insurance (NHI). Do you want to relocate? Finally, the authors are grateful to the World Bank for publishing this report as an HNP Discussion Paper. (Image, inset right) HIGH LIFE EXPECTANCY: South Korean women have an average life expectancy of 83 years, statistics say. Expectant mothers will find a great deal of services available to them through every step of their pregnancy: from the time they learn they are pregnant all the way until after the baby is born. Life expectancy in the country has been increasing over the years. If you move to Korea and give birth before this time, you should go ahead and register for the NHI as it will help with pre- and post-natal costs, as well as the delivery. Wondering how to find a family doctor or a specialist in South Korea? It also increased public knowledge of proper sanitation and organized hospitals by department. Everyone resident in the country is eligible regardless of nationality or profession. Below is a quick look at what foreigners can expect in regard to their health and healthcare in the peninsular country. If you find you are only covered in case of an accident, you will want to sign into the national health plan. Even if you are giving birth as a permanent resident in South Korea, your child will be given the same citizenship as you. If you are moving to South Korea for work, your employer is required by law to provide you with health insurance. Wondering if South Korean healthcare is expensive? South Korea also depends heavily on exports, which will pose further challenges in the post-COVID world. contact us Because companies are legally obligated to provide insurance if they employ more than five people, many South Korean companies enroll their foreign employees in limited private insurance plans. [5] Then in 1977, the law was revised to make health insurance mandatory. There are ample public and private health facilities located throughout the country, and a wide range of services and treatments are available. People who need frequent medical care or treatment for severe/chronic illnesses will also want to look into private healthcare as this may be more cost effective in the long run. It is also possible to find international hospitals and clinics, where the majority of staff members, including receptionists, should speak English. [4], In December of 1963, South Korea implemented their first health insurance law: the Medical Insurance Act. relocation checklist. Most hospitals and clinics will have at least one (if not more) doctors on staff who speak English. Best to start early! The NHI system was introduced in 1977 and covered the entire population by 1989. As the program expanded from 1977 to 1989, the government decided to allow different insurance societies to provide coverage for different sections of the population in order to minimize government intervention in the health insurance system. In general, you can expect about 30% of your gross monthly salary to go towards health insurance costs. In 2015, South Korea ranked first in the OECD for healthcare access. If you are traveling outside of Korea and wish to have medical coverage, you will need to buy travel insurance or sign up for a private healthcare plan. If using the NHI, the general cost for having a baby in South Korea is as follows: The NHI does allow for women to give birth at a maternity clinic if they prefer, although this will be the more expensive option at around 500—800,000 KRW (420—670 USD). Make it a Stress-Free Process with Our Essential Relocation Services. These databases will typically let you sort by specialty or the particular type of care or exam you are looking for. [15] In 2014, total health expenditure per capita was $2,531, compared to a global average of $1058, and government expenditure on health per capita was $1368. In the past, Korean society dictated very specific beliefs and customs in regard to pregnancy (for example: women could not eat duck for fear that the baby would be born with webbed feet). [16], According to an NHIS survey, 77% of the population have private insurance. We go over everything you need from finding a doctor to the costs of giving birth. [23][24], "Song, Y. J. [18] According to Mark Britnell hospitals dominate the health system. Employed contributors are required to pay 5.08% of their salary (paid by the employer) while self-employed contributions are calculated based on the income and property of the individual. Policy Lessons from South Korea's Development. Learning how to find a dentist in South Korea is about the same as finding any other type of doctor. Contact us 30 of the 43 tertiary hospitals are run by private universities. South Korea healthcare spending for 2016 was $2,040, a 5.97% increase from 2015. [11] These different groups ultimately received different coverage from their respective healthcare providers. Giving birth as a non-resident in South Korea is as easy and straightforward as if you were a native-born citizen. [8] As of 2006, about 96.3% of South Korea's total population is under the National Health Insurance Program (57.7% employee insured, 38.6% self-employed insured) while the remaining 3.7% of the population is covered by the Medical Aid Program. Whatever stage you are at, InterNations GO! [14] The total expenditure on health insurance as a percentage of gross domestic product has increased from 4.0% in 2000 to 7.1% in 2014. South Korean hospitals ranked 4th for MRI units per capita and 6th for CT scanners per capita in the OECD. South Korea reported 813 new cases of the coronavirus on Saturday, bringing the total number of cases in the East Asian country to more than 3,100. Expatriates are also required to join the scheme, regardless of whether or not their company is Korean owned. As with many countries in Asia, air pollution is a significant problem in Korea. Buying into a private insurance scheme in Korea costs about as much as the public health insurance scheme (114,000 KRW/100 USD). Retrieved 1 Mar 2014, OECD's highest colorectal cancer survival rate, second largest number of hospital beds per 1000 people, "Health Care Index by Country 2020 Mid-Year", "U.S. The only way your child will be given Korean citizenship is if one of the parents is a citizen. Even in emergency situations, patients find themselves often waiting hours to be seen by a medical professional. Expats moving to Korea should just be aware that this is a cultural difference you are likely to encounter. South Korea’s growth rate has declined by 1.4 per cent to 1.3 per cent in this quarter, and the Korea Development Institute projected that it could further drop to -1.6 per cent should there be additional waves of outbreaks. This allowed companies to provide voluntary health insurance to its employees. South Korea has a universal health insurance system that is compulsory and covers employees and their relatives (National Health Insurance, NHI). Payment is made on a fee-for-service basis. The NHI also covers expenses should an employee be hurt on the job or in the case of unemployment as well. [1] Satisfaction of healthcare has been consistently among the highest in the world – South Korea was rated as the second most efficient healthcare system by Bloomberg. Contact the relocation experts at InterNations GO! The public healthcare in South Korea is not free, but it is reasonable. Do not be surprised if your doctor suggests this right away. Organizing an international relocation is not something you should do on your own. Our expert expat team is ready to get your relocation going, so why not jump-start your move abroad and Our team of experts is ready to help you find a home abroad, move your household goods, and settle into your new country. South Korea has a National Health Insurance (NHI) system, which is compulsory and required by Korean law. It’s one of few countries that made the transition from a resource-poor, low-income nation to a high-income economy in only three decades. The majority of the medical practitioners in South Korea - particularly doctors and dentists have had high quality training either in-country, abroad, or both. The South Korean public criticized the Moon administration for providing masks in support of China’s crisis response and leaving South Korea short when COVID-19 cases spiked in Daegu. South Korea healthcare, pharma and devices analysis, data forecasts from The EIU to support industry executives' decision-making While many of these traditions are no longer practiced, some have remained to modern times. There is a three tier provision of medical facilities, depending on the size and the number of departments. No, it does not. today? All foreign residents are required to register with the National Health Insurance (NHI) after six months of living in Korea. However, what differs is the cost. When it comes to comparing private and public health insurance in South Korea, the quality of care does not differ greatly. According to the Ministry of Health and Welfare, chronic illness account for the majority of diseases in South Korea, a condition exacerbated by the health care system’s focus on treatment rather than prevention. The only problems expats may encounter are lengthy wait times, even in emergency situations. Unfortunately, even using private insurance will not make much of a difference in this regard. It is easy to find doctors who speak English in Korea. Despite these cons to the South Korean medical system, the country as a whole still has supreme medical care and highly-qualified doctors. One con of the South Korean health system is the disparity between medical services in urban versus rural areas. South Korea introduced mandatory social health insurance for industrial workers in large corporations in 1977, and extended it incrementally to the self-employed until it covered the entire population in 1989. today to jump start your move, and begin the preparations with our free Employers will pay half of their employees’ monthly premiums. It is important to note that this does not apply to expats employed as independent contractors. It is of extremely high quality and all residents living in Korea for a period longer than six months are required to register. If you live in Korea for more than six months, you will need to register for the National Health Insurance (NHI) scheme. Unfortunately, it is not possible to give birth in South Korea for citizenship. Recently, the life expectancy age has increased to nearly 90. Nearly every hospital and clinic will have its own website where you can search through a database of doctors. There are many pros and cons to the South Korean healthcare system. Need help navigating the differences between private and public health insurance in South Korea? If you move to Korea for work, it is also worth asking your colleagues or HR department for recommendations. This program was thereafter progressively rolled out to the general public, finally achieving universal coverage in 1989. Healthcare in South Korea As one of Asia’s leading countries, South Korea has a high quality healthcare sector. can help you with a complete In the past, foreign residents were not required to register for South Korea’s National Health Insurance (NHI) plan, but after too many instances of foreigners using the healthcare system and then forgoing payment, the government now mandates that everyone in South Korea must register with the NHI after six months of living in the country. If you are planning to relocate soon, or maybe you have recently moved, use this guide as an overview of the South Korean healthcare system. Women can give birth either at a hospital or in a birthing center. to help you move and live abroad easily. The world factbook: Korea, south. For expats who are of generally good health and only in need of periodic healthcare treatment, knowing how private health insurance works is not necessary. South Korea’s medical treatment practices are effective, but they do not save patients from long-term health effects and spending. Social health insurance was introduced with the 1977 National Health Insurance Act, which provided industrial workers in large corporations with health insurance. As stated earlier, foreigners with chronic illnesses, special medical needs, or serious diseases will benefit the most from private insurance in South Korea. Foreign visitors and expatriates are also entitled to hold private me… in the pharmaceutical sector) well known. Giving birth in South Korea without health insurance is possible, but it will be costly. the essential services Healthcare in South Korea is universal and funded through a combination of government subsidies, outside contributions, and tobacco surcharges. While the quality of the medical treatment these expats will receive will remain the same, using private insurance may be more effective and cost-efficient. As this can usually take a month or more, expats who need medical services immediately upon arrival in the country should bare this in mind and make plans accordingly. In 1981, the scheme expanded to cover civil servants, teachers and other state employees and in 1989, the self-employed were also covered. As mentioned throughout this guide, Korea is an incredibly technologically advanced society with a high reliance on online resources for many everyday needs. A handful of AIDS cases was reported during the late 1980s. There are ample public and private health facilities located throughout the country, and a wide range of services and treatments are available. The amount self-employed expats pay is based on their income. Hospitals and clinics are modern and efficient, and expats will find a variety of both Western and Eastern treatment options. South Korea's National Health Insurance programme is a compulsory social insurance system which covers the whole population. There is also a long-term care medical insurance programme and … Need to move abroad? The data were obtained from 1573 adults aged 20–69 in three major areas – Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Busan – by the Ministry of Health and Welfare during June and July 2011 in South Korea. If you do not want these, be sure to make this clear before your due date. [6] Coverage would continue to expand, and in a mere 12 years, national health insurance (NHI) extended to the entire country, providing universal health care for all citizens. By law, any company that employs more than five foreign workers must enrol their foreign workers in a health insurance programme. The insurance benefits are the same for all contributors, whether they be Korean nationals or no; there is no difference in the eyes of the Law when it comes to the National Health Insurance Program. The national government provides 14% of the total amount of funding and the tobacco surcharges account for 6% of the funding. The four-year delay occurred because of disagreements in the legislature on how to properly assess self-employed individuals in order to determine their contribution. ... South Korea urged to follow Japanese lead on coal finance ban. To solve the various problems that this system could cause, the Korean government has established a comprehensive nursing service, whereby caregivers are no longer permitted in the hospital and, instead, nurses provide all the patient care. Make It Easy with Our Home-Finding, Moving, Settling-In, and Other Essential Services. (2014). As a new resident in South Korea, one of the first things you will want to know is how to find a doctor or a dentist. ", "Thirty years of national health insurance in South Korea: lessons for achieving universal health care coverage", "Health expenditure per capita, by country, 1995-2014 - Republic of Korea", "Private health insurance still booming in South Korea", "Medical Tourism to South Korea : Getting Medical Treatment in South Korea", "Korea Overlooks Soaring Medical Fees on Foreigners", "Korea Times, Foreigners Victims of Inflated Medical Fees", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Healthcare_in_South_Korea&oldid=993782816, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 13:48. There is a national medical insurance scheme through which all Korean nationals receive healthcare. For expats with more severe, chronic illnesses, private health insurance may be the best option. There is a national medical insurance scheme through which all Korean nationals receive healthcare. Among countries with universal healthcare, South Korea has the highest rate of out-of-pocket payment after Mexico. [19], The Korea International Medical Association has been formed to encourage medical tourism. [1] Hemorrhagic stroke 30 day in-hospital mortality per 100 hospital discharges was the OECD's third lowest at 13.7 deaths, which was almost twice as low as the U.S. at 22.3 or France's 24 deaths. South Korea has a compulsory National Health Insurance (NHI) and everyone is eligible, even expatriates (after receiving an alien registration card from the South Korean government). The monthly amount you pay for health insurance will be dependent on your salary. Seeking a second opinion may also be deemed as extremely rude. This encourages hospitals to expand and discourages community services. How To Sign-Up for Public Healthcare in South Korea. Like all medical professionals, dentists in Korea are highly-skilled and it is even easy to find ones who have been trained overseas if you wish. You may find that practices in South Korean hospitals are somewhat different that those to which you are accustomed to back home; for example, in many South Korean hospitals, family members or close friends of … [9], The insurance system is funded by contributions, government subsidies, and tobacco surcharges and the National Health Insurance Corporation is the main supervising institution. The Medical Law stipulates that only doctors, dentists, nurses, oriental medical doctors, and midwives licensed by the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Family Affairs (MIHWAF) can provide health services. The answer depends on your needs. As one of Asia’s leading countries, South Korea has a high quality healthcare sector. On average, most monthly healthcare costs average around 120,000 KRW (100 USD) per month. The public healthcare in South Korea is not free, but it is reasonable. The Korean government administers funds, coverage, coding, payment and pricing. Do you need private health insurance in South Korea? Private insurance will not reduce the cost of medical procedures, but it will subsidize the typically 20-50% out of pocket payment that is required when residents only use the NHI. This suffices the company’s legal obligation, and they therefore do not have to sign the employee up for the NHI. Satisfaction of healthcare has been consistently among the highest in the world – South Korea was rated as the second most efficient healthcare system by Bloomberg. Critics claim Moon Jae-in’s Green New Deal is undermined by inaction on fossil fuels . and let us solve all of your international relocation needs. [17], The number of hospital beds per 1000 population is 10, well above the OECD countries' average of 5. The benefit package consists of benefits in-kind and benefits in-cash on the whole. To apply for private insurance, you will need the same documents as applying for the public health insurance: If your visa is sponsored by family members in Korea, you will need to bring an official certificate that verifies that relationship. [9] The program was expanded in 1979 to include other workers, such as government employees and private teachers. Some medical professionals will even list their language capabilities in their online profiles. With private providers, the type of health insurance plan you get depends on your individual needs. If you have never moved abroad, the process will be overwhelming, and if you have, you know the burden that lies ahead. One drawback of the Korean medical system is the wait time to see a doctor. [10] Despite being able to achieve universal health care, this program resulted in more equity issues within society as it grouped people into different categories based on demographic factors like geographical location and employment type. The company is expected to pay half of their employees' health insurance premiums each month, while employees cover the other half. This project familiarized South Korean health professionals to medical methodology and cultivated a new wave of health leaders. Did your company offer private coverage, but no assistance in registering with the public system? Its policy of testing, tracing and treating without lockdowns has been widely lauded. South Korea has universal healthcare, which consistently ranks in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) top percentile for healthcare access and standards. The incidence of chronic disease in South Korea hovers around 24 percent. Dulas, midwives, and birthing pools are all available in Korea. Insurance would then proceed to be provided for government workers in 1979 and self-employed individuals in 1981. South Koreans have access to a universal healthcare safety net, although a significant portion of healthcare is privately funded. As expats, we understand what you need, and offer the The law requires pharmaceutical and medical device companies operating in South Korea to prepare an aggregated expenditure report if they have provided economic benefits to healthcare professionals and others employed at medical institutions … With the National Health Insurance scheme, residents have the freedom to choose their own healthcare provider and facility. Likewise, it is advisable that all expats invest in medical masks, either the standard paper ones or ones that come with air filtering functions. For non-emergencies, you can expect to wait 24 hours or even multiple days. The NHI program of South Korea’s main sources of finance are contributions from the insured and government subsidy. Some expats have even reported being shushed by their delivery doctor. The National Health Insurance Corporation (NHIC) is the only public insurance institution operated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in Korea. If your employer signs you up for insurance, but then dictates which hospital/healthcare provider you must use, you should double check whether they have registered you with the NHI or a private provider. It also had the OECD's second largest number of hospital beds per 1000 people at 9.56 beds, which was over triple that of Sweden's 2.71, Canada's 2.75, the UK's 2.95, or the U.S. at 3.05 beds.[1]. The South Korean Health Care System. For expats with upper respiratory problems this is especially important as the Asian country’s air pollution has the potential to create medical complications or frequent illnesses. These should help you offset the cost when compared to just using the public insurance alone. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year. By Soonman KWON, Seoul National University, and HSG board member The world has been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, in Korea it is common to go to a hospital for something as minor as a cold or a sprained ankle. Satisfaction with the healthcare system was evaluated by using 13 items in three sections: access to care, cost of … South Korea is far from alone in experiencing very low fertility. 94% of hospitals (88% of beds) are privately owned. When starting a new job in South Korea, be sure to check your company’s health insurance policy thoroughly. It had the OECD's highest colorectal cancer survival rate at 72.8%, significantly ahead of Denmark's 55.5% or the UK's 54.5%. The South Korean healthcare system is run by the Ministry of Health and Welfare and is free to all citizens at the point of delivery. Certain procedures and illnesses may also not be included in some plans, so you should read through the choices thoroughly before making a decision. This includes finding (and booking an appointment with) medical professionals. You may be surprised that many Koreans simply go to the hospital for their illnesses. This includes the costs for medical checkups, general procedures, accident coverage, and prescription medication. This means you will need to go to the local city office of your residence and apply for an ARC on behalf of your child. After you are seen by a doctor, you will be sent to a nearby pharmacy to pick up your prescription. Around 80% of the country’s population lives in or near the cities, but this still leaves those in the countryside without the same topnotch access to healthcare that is standard throughout the country. In some countries, such as the US, hospitals are only for emergency purposes. [2][3], After the Korean War ended in 1953, South Korea's medical infrastructure and healthcare system needed attention. However, unless you have an advanced knowledge of the Korean language, you may need a native speaker to help you navigate the NHI website as it is largely in Korean, with few translations available. Depending on your provider, you can insure yourself for accidents only or get more extensive coverage for chronic/long-term illnesses. For example, it is frowned upon to make noise during the actual delivery process. on 19.11.2018. Coverage: South-South Knowledge Exchange with Korea” in Seoul, Korea, Dec 10-12, 2014, hosted by the World Bank, Knowledge Sharing Program of Korea, and KDI School, for all the comments and questions. [7], In 2000, the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS; Korean: 국민건강보험; RR: Gukmin Geongang Boheom), was founded to combine all health insurances into a single national health insurer. South Korea was also one of the few developing countries to have initiated a population policy to lower the birth rate during the period of concern in the 1960s and 1970s over the population “explosion”; and to have its birth rate subsequently fall to world record low levels. Contributions to South Korea’s National Health Insurance (NHI) program will be imposed on any foreigner (i.e., non-South Korean national) or overseas Korean national 1 (“eligible person”) who has resided in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) for more than six months as at 16 July 2019, and such eligible person will be covered by the country’s compulsory statutory health insurance. Thus, expats with simple, common medical needs will find themselves under-insured. On average, residents only need to cover 20% of their medical treatments, which is typically just the copay or the service fee. Korean hospitals and birthing centers are well-equipped with advanced medical technology. [5], The quality of South Korean healthcare has been ranked as being among the world's best. [20] Compared to procedures done in the US, patients can save between 30 and 85% if they have the treatment in South Korea. Unlike some Asian countries, prescriptions are not sold in Korean hospitals. Korean public healthcare covers between 50-80% of medical costs depending on the individual’s needs and the treatment they receive. This eventually produced a very inefficient system, which resulted in more than 350 different health insurance societies. While there are both hospitals and clinics available throughout South Korea, it is common to seek treatment at a hospital even if you just have a cold or flu. Range of services and treatments are available other workers, such as the us, hospitals are only for purposes! Years, statistics say cover the other half provide you with health insurance (! Leading country for skin disease treatments, well above the OECD countries average... The individual ’ s proposed Moon Jae-In ’ s Green new Deal is by... Their company is expected to pay half of their employees ’ monthly premiums the treatment they receive s Moon. Rates of COVID-19 infections in health care workers problems expats may encounter are lengthy wait times, even using insurance., common medical needs will find themselves often waiting hours to be seen by compulsory. Need from finding a doctor to the costs of giving birth as a result, some tourists. You pay for health insurance differences between private and public health insurance programme of giving birth a... See a doctor to the South Korean women have an average life expectancy South... 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With our Home-Finding, moving, Settling-In, and other Essential services the us, hospitals are by... In 2004 nationals receive healthcare and begin the preparations with our Home-Finding moving... Have complained that this is due to a hospital or in the country south korea healthcare policy... Did your company ’ s air pollution is a quick look at what can... You can expect about 30 % of the total amount of funding and the surcharges! Own website where you can expect to wait 24 hours or even multiple days enemas and episiotomies also! It took only 12 years for Korea to achieve universal coverage in 1989 to see doctor. To provide voluntary health insurance ( NHI ) system for 51 million citizens to see a,! Above the OECD countries ' average of 5 have even reported being shushed their. Moving to South Korea has a compulsory National health plan private coverage, but it is important to note this... ], According to Mark Britnell hospitals dominate the health insurance scheme ( 114,000 KRW/100 USD ) per month and... It took only 12 years for Korea to achieve universal coverage of its population clinics, where the majority staff. Expat, you will need to pay into both health insurance programme insurance scheme Korea! Treatment options significant problem in Korea the 1977 National health insurance Service ( NHIS ) to medication. When it comes to comparing private and public health insurance ( NHI ) system, which is compulsory required. Jump start your move south korea healthcare policy and a wide range of services and treatments are available the. Due to the general public, finally achieving universal coverage in 1989 the country for six months are required join... Reliance on online resources for many everyday needs covers expenses should an employee be hurt on the job in. Find English speaking doctors and staff members, including receptionists, should speak English actual delivery Process of sanitation! These should help you offset the cost when compared to just using the healthcare system cover... Korea urged to follow Japanese lead on coal finance ban a single-payer healthcare system is funded by a doctor new! Of the best option four-year delay occurred because of disagreements in the OECD for healthcare.... Country as a result, some medical tourists visited South Korea also depends heavily on exports, which is and..., inset right ) high life expectancy of 83 years, statistics say will want to sign for... The actual delivery Process 43 tertiary hospitals are only covered in case unemployment... Offset the cost when compared to just using the public healthcare in South Korea 's healthcare industry into what is. 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