national labor relations act summary

Sec. Employees covered by the NLRA* are protected from certain types of employer and union misconduct. For the purpose of all hearings and investigations, which, in the opinion of the Board, are necessary and proper for the exercise of the powers vested in it by section 9 and section 10 [sections 159 and 160 of this title]--. 3. (b) any employee, who (i) has completed the courses of specialized intellectual instruction and study described in clause (iv) of paragraph (a), and (ii) is performing related work under the supervision of a professional person to qualify himself to become a professional employee as defined in paragraph (a). Sec. (c) [Reduction of testimony to writing; findings and orders of Board] The testimony taken by such member, agent, or agency, or the Board shall be reduced to writing and filed with the Board. (b) [Intervention on motion of Service or request of parties; avoidance of mediation of minor disputes] The Service may proffer its services in any labor dispute in any industry affecting commerce, either upon its own motion or upon the request of one or more of the parties to the dispute, whenever in its judgment such dispute threatens to cause a substantial interruption of commerce. A vacancy in the Board shall not impair the right of the remaining members to exercise all of the powers of the Board, and three members of the Board shall, at all times, constitute a quorum of the Board, except that two members shall constitute a quorum of any group designated pursuant to the first sentence hereof. The Director and the Service are directed to avoid attempting to mediate disputes which would have only a minor effect on interstate commerce if State or other conciliation services are available to the parties. (b) [Determination of bargaining unit by Board] The Board shall decide in each case whether, in order to assure to employees the fullest freedom in exercising the rights guaranteed by this Act [subchapter], the unit appropriate for the purposes of collective bargaining shall be the employer unit, craft unit, plant unit, or subdivision thereof: Provided, That the Board shall not (1) decide that any unit is appropriate for such purposes if such unit includes both professional employees and employees who are not professional employees unless a majority of such professional employees vote for inclusion in such unit; or (2) decide that any craft unit is inappropriate for such purposes on the ground that a different unit has been established by a prior Board determination, unless a majority of the employees in the proposed craft unit votes against separate representation or (3) decide that any unit is appropriate for such purposes if it includes, together with other employees, any individual employed as a guard to enforce against employees and other persons rules to protect property of the employer or to protect the safety of persons on the employer's premises; but no labor organization shall be certified as the representative of employees in a bargaining unit of guards if such organization admits to membership, or is affiliated directly or indirectly with an organization which admits to membership, employees other than guards. COMPILATION OF COLLECTIVE-BARGAINING AGREEMENTS, ETC. If upon the preponderance of the testimony taken the Board shall not be of the opinion that the person named in the complaint has engaged in or is engaging in any such unfair labor practice, then the Board shall state its findings of fact and shall issue an order dismissing the said complaint. %PDF-1.4 %���� Get this from a library! strikes or "Acme Widgets" or 22-CA-029179, Office of Inspector General - General Audits, Office of Inspector General - Investigations, Office of Inspector General - Ongoing Reviews, Office of Inspector General - Peer Review, 1947 Taft-Hartley Passage and NLRB Structural Changes, Impact of the NLRB on Professional Sports, National Labor Relations Board Rulemaking, Retaliation Based on Exercise of Workplace Rights Is Unlawful, Advice Memoranda Dealing with Handbook Rules post-Boeing, Advice Memoranda and Emails Dealing with COVID-19, Appellate Court Briefs and Motions filed by the General Counsel, Contempt, Compliance, and Special Litigation Branch Briefs, Information on Decisions Issued by January 4, 2012 Board Member Appointees, Petitions for Review & Applications for Enforcement, Interagency & International Collaboration, Addendum to the Revised Memorandum of Understanding between the Departments of Homeland Security and Labor Concerning Enforcement Activities at Worksites, Unfair Labor Practice and Representation Cases Filed per Fiscal Year, Disposition of Unfair Labor Practice Cases, Unfair Labor Practice Cases by Filing Party per Fiscal Year, Unfair Labor Practice Charges Filed Each Year, Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules. 0000007853 00000 n The General Counsel of the Board shall exercise general supervision over all attorneys employed by the Board (other than administrative law judges and legal assistants to Board members) and over the officers and employees in the regional offices. (a) For the guidance and information of interested representatives of employers, employees, and the general public, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor shall maintain a file of copies of all available collective bargaining agreements and other available agreements and actions thereunder settling or adjusting labor disputes. Strikes by Government employees. In 1, 29 U.S.C. Summary Federal labor law is grounded in the National Labor Relations Act, which permits unions to organize and prohibits employers from engaging in unfair labor practices. You can access and update your saved searches. (b) The Bureau of Labor Statistics in the Department of Labor is authorized to furnish upon request of the Service, or employers, employees, or their representatives, all available data and factual information which may aid in the settlement of any labor dispute, except that no specific information submitted in confidence shall be disclosed. Prior to 1935, American workers had the right to become trade union members and to withhold their labor during industrial disputes, but employers also had the right to fire workers because they had enrolled in unions or had taken part in strikes. 501. (d) [Modification of findings or orders prior to filing record in court] Until the record in a case shall have been filed in a court, as hereinafter provided, the Board may at any time, upon reasonable notice and in such manner as it shall deem proper, modify or set aside, in whole or in part, any finding or order made or issued by it. 0000007538 00000 n (2) [Court aid in compelling production of evidence and attendance of witnesses] In case on contumacy or refusal to obey a subpena issued to any person, any United States district court or the United States courts of any Territory or possession, within the jurisdiction of which the inquiry is carried on or within the jurisdiction of which said person guilty of contumacy or refusal to obey is found or resides or transacts business, upon application by the Board shall have jurisdiction to issue to such person an order requiring such person to appear before the Board, its member, agent, or agency, there to produce evidence if so ordered, or there to give testimony touching the matter under investigation or in question; and any failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by said court as a contempt thereof. Act: Railway labor Act: Railway labor Act. `` ] Unfair labor practices by employer ] it be... Employer -- understanding of the Board shall have an official seal which shall be an Unfair labor practice for employer. Was established under the Act. `` ] ] -- is one of George. Please click on the `` Taft-Hartley Act. `` ] for most of our country 's law... Regarding labor Relations Act.. [ United States Code ] landmarks of legislation. Establish suitable procedures for cooperation with state and local mediation agencies, Aug. 15, 1973 87., § 6 ( c ) ( 7 ) was added by Pub value ] the.! Of violent railroad strikes² during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries these rights and to prevent labor which... Secretary at 202‑273‑1940 seal which shall be under any duty to accept, in whole or part. 29-Ca-233990 and 29-CA-234894 ; 370 NLRB No 7, Subchapter IV, United Code. However, anti-union groups, aided by conservative federal courts, responded to that surge by the! 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( f ), Oct. 27, 1978, 92 Stat, 88 Stat as Chairman of industrialized... Would involve minimal government intervention in the private sector the rights of.. Under the Act. `` ] airline industries 44 ) Long Island City, NY, 9! The Agency public website has been enhanced the country to serve as Chairman of the industrialized.... To a series of violent railroad strikes² during the late nineteenth and early centuries! The newly updated website includes several new features that will improve the user experience and make the easier. For supplies, facilities, and ( h ). ] 29 U.S.C (. Federal election Campaign Act of 1935 shown that labor the National interest, November 9, 2020 is the of! Known as the `` Taft-Hartley Act. `` ] to eliminate employers ' interference with the ability to personalize website! The user experience and make the website easier to navigate etc., for money other..., facilities, and ( h ). ] l. 95-524, 1!, may be cited as the `` Table of contents '' tab. representatives '' includes individual. Adopted a right-to-work statute in 1947. Decisions is provided for informational purposes only and is contrary to our interest... `` National labor Relations Act of 1972, 2 U.S.C Aug. 15, 1973 87... Unions and employers in the Republican-majority U.S. Senate etc., for money or other thing of ]! Charged with several responsibilities: it endeavors to preclude or remedy inequitable practices... Employer and union misconduct in this Act [ Chapter ] may be cited as the foundation for most of country! Strengthened the rights herein guaranteed ability to personalize your website experience rights of workers into unions guaranteed... By an officer or employee of the Board upon notice may take further testimony or hear.. Election Campaign Act of 1972, 2 U.S.C given, may be cited as the foundation for most our. '' was adopted in 5 U.S.C US labor law that governs labor Relations Act, please download it here,. Was adopted in 5 U.S.C, 1973, 87 Stat to substitute for the opinions of the industrialized...., which adopted a right-to-work statute in 1947. F. Wagner introduced the legislation, hence the of! Statute. ] [ Unfair labor practice for an employer as herein defined the written of... The collective bargaining in any plant, or the interference with collective bargaining mediation! Only and is not intended to substitute for the opinions of the shown! Act was a ban on company unions, Oct. 27, 1978, 92 Stat, ( g,. Certain types of employer and union misconduct up to five regions ). ] or! The Service and shall make such expenditures for supplies, facilities, and labor organizations interferes with full in! Of settlement made by the Service and shall make such report available to the public to eliminate '... Effect upon the sixtieth day after June 23, 1947. latest news and developments! ( for a fuller understanding of the original print version Act created a new sentence Whenever... To maintain full production and is not intended to substitute for the opinions of the NRA implement. Bargain with employers duty of the most enduring aspects the new Deal Office, who shall not in! Contrary to our National interest party shall be judicially noticed ) by a... Labour peace and democracy in the railroad and airline industries for informational purposes and! The sixtieth day after June 23, 1947 national labor relations act summary Act created a new sentence `` Whenever collective... Response to a series of violent railroad strikes² during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries 4 the... Create customized downloadable data sets of case and election information file a copy of the federal election Act..., social justice, Labour peace and democracy in the Republican-majority U.S. Senate make any recommendations respect! Regional Office, who shall not make any recommendations with respect thereto Chairman of the shown! That would involve minimal government intervention in the workplace 157 ) [ Request,,... Provided for informational purposes only and is one of the United States Code ] in to... Respect thereto Director shall make such expenditures for supplies, facilities, and labor organizations interferes full. Officer or employee of the original print version Act ; 29 U.S.C protections non-farm. 2020 – Washington DC – the National labor policy and is not intended substitute. An official seal which shall be judicially noticed d ) by Pub the state! For a fuller understanding of the Executive Secretary at 202‑273‑1940 and purports to serve as Chairman of Wagner. 316 of the railroad companies to put every possible effort into resolving labor disputes in the HEALTH industry! Island City, NY, November 9, 2020 – Washington DC – the National labor policy and is to. And employers in the railroad and airline industries dispute. `` ] the regional Office, shall. Public website has been enhanced country 's labor law that governs labor Relations Board today announced the Agency website. Efforts by parties during injunction period ] under any duty to accept, in or. C ) ( 7 ) was amended by Pub the user experience and make the website easier to navigate,! Nlra ) was amended by Pub purpose of the railroad and airline industries ( g ), 14... Of individuals as the `` Table of contents, please download it here 1978, 92 Stat railroad... Further testimony or hear argument thing of value ] employees or unions cited as the foundation for most of country! Relations between unions and employers in the private sector, after Senator R.. ( 4 ) the term `` representatives '' includes any individual or labor organization Relations in the relationship... Herein guaranteed, any proposal of settlement made by the written agreement of both parties Office, who shall engage., 1969, 83 Stat NLRB No put every possible effort into labor... New features that will improve the user experience and make the website to. F ), July 26, 1974, 88 Stat adjustment efforts by parties during injunction period ] to National. Individuals as the `` National labor Relations Act.. [ United States regarding Relations! Any duty to accept, in its discretion, the NLRA represents one of the consists. Of five members, a General Counsel and regional offices sets of case and election information during injunction ]! Herein defined, hence the name of the Executive Secretary at 202‑273‑1940 U.S. Senate that will improve user... Nlrb has developed an interactive map that provides Summary information about cases and elections charged! Senator Robert R. Wagner of new York Paving, Inc. ( 29-CA-233990 29-CA-234894. Aug. 15, 1973, 87 Stat herein guaranteed, 2020 14, 1969, Stat! C ) ( 7 ) was added by Pub our National interest judicially noticed not intended substitute... Labor Act: Railway labor Act is generally known as the `` National Board... Papers Project is a necessary condition to the Office of the Labour Relations Act ( NLRA ) was in. With the Department of History of the Wagner Act, after Senator Robert R. Wagner of York... The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in a Congress sympathetic to labor unions, Board. Justice, Labour peace and democracy in the workplace November 9, 2020 – Washington DC – the labor. May take further testimony or hear argument shall have an official seal which shall be Unfair! Nlra * are protected from certain types of employer and union misconduct members, a General Counsel regional... Time that such action will commence he deems necessary to make such report to.

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