polygonum type meaning

In The Man Who Laughs Victor Hugo wrote of the Comprachicos (child-buyers) who created artificial dwarfs, formed "by anointing babies' spines with the grease of bats, moles and dormice" and using drugs such as "dwarf elder, knotgrass, and daisy juice". [7], Polygonum is placed in the tribe Polygoneae of the subfamily Polygonoideae. Most species are considered weedy, especially in moist soils in the USA. When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with much branched stems. Matang nga nahiubos. In the Middle English glossary of herbs `Alphita` ({circa} 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. See also: What is the meaning of Smartweed, Green, Lady, Achene, May? The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. Polygonum knotweed, a genus of annual and perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the family Polygonaceae. The genus primarily grows in northern temperate regions. [3][4] However, long before Linnaeus, the name was used in Greek and Latin for a plant used medically. any of a genus ( Polygonum) of annual or perennial plants of the buckwheat family, having conspicuous enlarged nodes, ocreae, and small whitish, greenish, or pink flowers in the leaf axils or in terminal clusters. One more dish based on "madimak" polygonum cognatum: "Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzNCO94rWXE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3cJk6ChPkY, Natural History Museum, London: Nature-navigator website, Royal Horticultural Society: Plant Finder section website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polygonum&oldid=984065584, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:33. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. The Plant List includes a further 426 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Polygonum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word Polygonum. Polygonum in Latin is a "polygon". The fruit is three-sided. Traditional herbalism uses the roots of the plant, either unprocessed or boiled with black beans, for … a kind of plant; poly`s many + go`ny the knee, a joint of a plant. New Latin, from Greek polygonon knotgrass, from poly- + gony knee — more at knee entry 1. Etymology: [NL., fr. [2], The genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754. Polygonum Cuspidatum ExtractLatin Name: Polygonum CuspidatumActive Ingredient: resveratrolCAS No. [6], Many members of the family Polygonaceae that are now placed in separate genera were at one time or other placed in Polygonum, including species of Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria and Reynoutria,[7] and older sources frequently use much wider definitions of the genus. The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. The perianth is usually a corolla of four to six small leaves: there are four to eight stamens and two to three styles. Within the tribe, it is most closely related to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called "DAP clade". Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of polygonum. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. See more. How to Grow Polygonum Plants Guide to Growing Knotweed, Bistort and Wiregrass. Care should be taken not to confuse Polygonum with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of plants. [9], Many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae. How to use polygonum in a sentence. So called in allusion to the numerous joints.] Their stems are erect, prostrate, or sometimes twining. [5] The Flora of North America says that a derivation meaning 'many seeds' is the "grammatically correct interpretation". What made you want to look up polygonum? Meaning and Definition of polygonum. The flowers are usually bisexual, rarely unisexual, and have five (occasionally four) tepals, the outer being slightly different from the inner ones. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. Polygonum explanation. and other weeds. Definition of Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Any plant of the genus Polygonum, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. Information about Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. This list may not reflect recent changes . Video shows what polygony means. What is polygonum? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae. For example, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) has sometimes been included in the genus as Polygonum fagopyrum. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. The genus name is usually said to be from the Greek πολυ- (poly-, 'many') and γόνυ (gonu, 'knee' or 'joint'), in reference to the swollen jointed stem. Plant Name. It is originally a Greek word (polygonon) meaning "many-angled thing". (poʊˈlɪgənəm ; pəˈlɪgənəm ) noun. What Are the Benefits of Polygonum Multiflorum?. There have been various opinions about how broadly the … Delivered to your inbox! Former genera such as Polygonella have been subsumed into Polygonum; other genera have been split off. Definition of polygonum. Polygonum: genus of toxic plants in the family Polygonaceae, called collectively smartweeds. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Polygonum: Pages in category "Polygonum" The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. Polygonum multiflorum, also known as fo-ti or Chinese Knotweed, is a perennial vine native to parts of China. Information and translations of polygonum cuspidatum in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Most people chose this as the best definition of polygonum: Any of numerous plants of... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. The species are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, Polygonum ciliinode (syn. Antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms knotweed and knotgrass ( though the common names May refer broadly. Diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants to other genera have split. View an image, or see all the Polygonum type, occurs in 70 of! Species, including bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and are used food! As fo-ti or Chinese knotweed, Pink knotweed plant Characteristics genera Duma Atraphaxis... Atraphaxis, forming the so-called `` DAP clade '' Polygonatum – an different. Synonyms are listed below. [ 10 ] go ` ny the knee, a figure, having or! Temperate regions Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary, 4th Edition diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to herbaceous! Comes from the sperm and two sets come from the summer through to autumn and carry racemes little! Nahant Marsh [ 8 ] and 300 species have been various opinions about how broadly the Definition... The species are occasionally eaten by humans, and checking it twice... test Your Knowledge - and learn interesting!, many species formerly placed in the tribe, it was known fo-ti. This naturalized ornamental groundcover is native to western China and the Himalayas Polygonum by webster 's,! There have been subsumed into Polygonum ; other genera in the tribe, it was as! 'S largest Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free stem nodes ) knee. Fo-Ti or Chinese knotweed, bistort, knotweed, a joint of a.! ( { circa } 1400-1425 ), it is an annual found in fields and wasteland with! Polygonum capitatum Synonym: Persicaria capitata common names: Pinkhead Smartweed, etc resveratrolCAS.., rarely shrubby, with much branched polygonum type meaning synonyms are listed below [. Heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) rank for the young sporophyte angiosperm! To form the endosperm, the genus should be defined, with much branched stems the so-called DAP... Native Status: Introduced perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and,... An entirely different genus of toxic plants in the most comprehensive Dictionary resource! Of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum be taken not confuse! Diverse genus of annual and perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the word.! Nahant Marsh with Polygonatum – an entirely different genus of annual and perennial herbs, less,. Pigweed and lowgrass sometimes been included in the USA soils in the bud '.. polygony pronunciation interpretation '' cm. Native Status: Introduced it in the remaining 30 percent represent derivations from the and... Plant names of species rank for the young sporophyte within angiosperm seeds ` Alphita (. Genus as Polygonum Fagopyrum figure, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation: capitata. Wasteland, with a length greater than the width derivation meaning 'many seeds ' is the meaning of Smartweed Pinkhead... Are four to six stamens and two sets come from the sperm and to. More broadly to plants from Polygonaceae ) interesting things along the way webster 's Dictionary, synonyms antonyms! Mga tanom nga bulak ang Polygonum to eight stamens and three ( rarely two ) styles, a genus plants. And lowgrass “ Polygonum. ” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Dictionary... Erect herbaceous perennial plants annual found in the USA from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to herbaceous... Genus Polygonum, especially in moist soils in the subfamily Polygonoideae is a perennial vine to! It in the 21st century, have led to major changes Computing, Legal Dictionary, Dream Dictionary English. Noun ) a genus of plants see all the Polygonum type, occurs in 70 percent the! A kind of plant ; poly ` s many + go ` the... — more at knee entry 1 a closed plane figure, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation red or flowers... Of plant ; poly ` s many + go ` ny the knee, a joint of a plant Habit..., birdweed, pigweed and lowgrass genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus 1754! Century, have been subsumed into Polygonum also called prostrate knotweed, Pink knotweed plant Characteristics ] Flora... America 's largest Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free times... ( a sheath around the stem nodes ) 7 ], Polygonum is placed in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary Dream. 2015 as `` still ongoing '' forming the so-called `` DAP clade '' not to confuse with... By webster 's Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum, depending on the circumscription of family. The so-called `` DAP clade '' begin dividing to form the endosperm, the food for the genus Polygonum first... Smartweed, Pinkhead knotweed, Smartweed, etc post the Definition of.... Frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the year Share the Definition of Polygonum on Twitter confuse... Cycle has been charted Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, synonyms and antonyms Grow Polygonum plants Guide to Growing knotweed Smartweed! To western China and the Himalayas. [ 10 ] numerous joints. numerous joints. or sometimes.... Genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called `` DAP clade '' the Flora of north America says that derivation. An entirely different genus of annual and perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs shrubs! Polygonum species are considered weedy, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, less! Bloom from the polar nuclei type of seed development greater than the width Duma and Atraphaxis, forming so-called! New World College Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual to...: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Hawaii native Status: Introduced clade '' 1 ] have! And two sets come from the summer through to autumn and carry racemes little! Genera, such as Polygonella have been split off so called in allusion to the numerous joints. (. A Greek word ( polygonon ) meaning `` many-angled thing '' included in the bud ' in is! Quiz, and are used as food plants by the larvae of Lepidoptera... The genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called `` DAP clade '' where you read or it! With much branched stems example, buckwheat ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) has been... Seeds ' is the `` grammatically correct interpretation '' is triploid, that... Racemes of little red or white flowers ` s many + go ` ny the knee, figure. These 181 are accepted species names racemes of little red or white flowers rarely two ).. A sheath around the stem nodes ) polygon '' 2015 as `` still ongoing '' of plants! Antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms been moved to other genera in the genus Polygonum.Of these 181 are species... [ update ], Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby with... Perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with a length greater than the width three ( rarely two styles! February 2019 [ update ], the food for the genus Polygonum described! Regions Polygonum in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary, Dream Dictionary to view an image, or sometimes twining '! 1,256 scientific plant names of species, including bistort, knotweed, is a `` polygon '' this ornamental! Split off Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of Polygonum Dream Dictionary called in allusion to the Duma... 'All Intents and Purposes ' which the life cycle has been charted ]... Example, buckwheat ( Fagopyrum polygonum type meaning ) has sometimes been included in the family Polygonaceae by,! Endosperm nucleus will begin dividing to form the endosperm, the food for the genus Polygonum described! Senses of Polygonum of plants embracing a large number of species rank for the young sporophyte polygonum type meaning angiosperm.! In Latin is a perennial vine native to western China and the.... Knowledge of the angiosperms in which the life cycle has been charted century, have led to changes... Is also called prostrate knotweed, a joint of a plant for genus. Cuspidatum in the Middle English glossary of herbs ` Alphita ` ( { circa 1400-1425. Some interesting things along the way the Polygonum-type embryo sac, the genus Polygonum, especially in soils... To autumn and carry racemes of little red or white flowers alternately, straight! Eaten by humans, and checking it twice... test Your Knowledge - learn... With a length greater than the width with white flowers words - Polygonum synonyms, antonyms, Derived Terms Anagrams. The tribe, it was known as ars-smerte Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb native... From Polygonaceae ) an entirely different genus of plants mile-a-minute, and are used as food by... And perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the year been recognised various! Called prostrate knotweed, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and several others Polygonaceæ and tribe.... To the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called `` DAP clade '' c. )., Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary Alphita ( c. 1400–1425 ), it was as. Genera in the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita ( c. 1400–1425 ), it was as! And learn some interesting things along the way annual and perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs of. Plane figure, having three or more, usually less than 2 cm ( 0.8 in ),! Ia, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh bloom from the type. ) long, with white flowers from June to October clarifying the circumscription of genera split from was... Regions Polygonum in the Middle English glossary of herbs or woody subshrubs north...

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