porcupine quills up close

The work, which also explains why the quills … A porcupine’s quills are likely to be covered in bacteria which can cause infection and abscesses. Removing Quills from a Person Go to a doctor for serious cases. They have a coat of needle-like quills to protect them from predators; a porcupine's backside can be covered with as many as 30,000 quills. Dog owners who have had the unpleasant task of de-quilling their pet can tell you that quills can travel through the body and puncture internal organs, causing a nightmare of problems. Porcupine quills are commonly found embedded in the muzzle, face, head, and neck of dogs, but can be found anywhere. At first, the idea of using porcupine quills to patch up wounds sounds torturous. But, taking inspiration from the spiky rodent, researchers have begun to work on a … But, taking inspiration from the spiky rodent, researchers have begun to work on a … Porcupine quills are modified hair, and are therefore shed in the same way as our own hair, simply by falling out. (A porcupine has approximately 30,000 quills on his body, and, no, he can’t launch the spines through the air. Using a small pair of pliers, grip the quill as close to the puncture site as possible. Do not try to remove quills … If there is a large number of quills, … To use Quills, the crafter softens them in water to make them pliable. A porcupine mother will nurse her young for up to four months. 4.6 out of 5 stars 53. To pierce your skin, a porcupine quill needs only about half the force of a hypodermic needle, according to a new study. The dogs were found on the Ute reservation in Fort Duchesne, … A porcupine mother will nurse her young for up to four months. Each quill is marked with black and white bands. A lot of mystery surrounds this strange defense mechanism, including whet her porcupines can launch their quills at enemies. Pull the quills straight out with slow, steady pressure. These porcupines have much longer quills than the North American porcupines you will see in our walkthrough. A porcupine's prickly coat of quills is its first line of defense. Cattle and other livestock can develop major infections if quills are not removed properly. Some quills can be up to 20 inches (51 centimeters) long. Porcupines use the quills as a defense. Simply pull the quill straight up … 3 Stars & Up & Up; 2 Stars & Up & Up; 1 Star & Up & Up; Brand. Porcupine quills are coated with antibiotic fatty acids that help speed up the healing process in case they pierce themselves [source: Roze et al ]. Its breathing slowed, and it turned to look at me. For more information on porcupines in Maine check out www.maine.gov where you can see. Porcupine Quills. FORT DUCHESNE, Utah — Three puppies are getting a second chance at life after being rescued following a porcupine attack. A close-up of the quills (below) hints at their deadly secret: Each keratin stalk is tipped with microscopic barbs that hook tightly to a victim’s skin—a powerful predator deterrent. Some quills can be up to 20 inches (51 centimeters) long. A Porcupine’s Scientific Name is Erethizon Dorsatum and Hystricidae. A close-up of the quills (below) hints at their deadly secret: Each keratin stalk is tipped with microscopic barbs that hook tightly to a victim’s skin—a powerful predator deterrent. (A female beaver carries for 128 days.) North American porcupine quills pack a hidden punch: microscopic, backward-facing barbs. They have a skirt of long, pliable quills that can measure 20 inches (51 cm) long, which can stand up … Porcupine Quills. Comments Close comments menu. These hardened spikes will detach and become impaled in the flesh of any animal that makes contact. While it’s a myth that the quills can be shot out, they can certainly be rammed into the face of a would-be predator. The longer the quills are embedded in your dog, the further into the tissue they move in. But what can these small mammals really do with their home-grown needles. The most obvious trait is the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. 99. Some experts suggest taking an antihistamine to prevent an allergic reaction but check with your doctor before taking any medicine. To find them, just search for “porcupine quills”. And, the deeper they go, the more likely abscesses will form and complications will ensue. While porcupines don't shoot quills, the ir spikes can puncture skin with the slightest touch. Porcupine quills can puncture the skin and move through muscle, ultimately penetrating into body cavities and internal organs. Dogs and cats are usually the most likely to experience porcupine quills up close and personal. That means that if a predator gets quilled, the quill might never come out. Yanking them out can cause them to break. The slow-moving herbivore uses the … Close Search the site GO. Native Americans have used Porcupine Quills to embellish many items starting before contact with Europeans. Because the quills carry bacteria with them, once they penetrate the skin they can serve as a source of infection and abscesses. When scientists examine the skulls of deceased mountain lions, Roze said, they often … CBS Denver reports that animal control officers in Douglas County, Colorado, were able to catch up with the stray dog, but not until he had already gotten a little too close to a porcupine. HEAVY DUTY GALVANIZED WIRE - This animal trap has heavy galvanized wire mesh body with steel reinforcement that is... EASY TO SET AND RELEASE - The trap has a spring-loaded door is easy to bait and set, quick to release. They can, however, stick you with dozens of quills in an instant if you become too close. The quills are sharp and penetrate skin easily, sticking because of the backwards facing barbs and scales on the quill. Three puppies are recovering after a porcupine attack left them with quills embedded in their faces and necks for several days before being found in Fort Duchesne. Mishandling may break the quill off under the skin, which could potentially puncture an organ. If quills break off under the skin they will eventually fester out. 3 Stars & Up & Up; 2 Stars & Up & Up; 1 Star & Up & Up; Brand. They have created unique and beautiful designs on clothing, baskets, bags and other items. Quills at the ready, a common porcupine (above) assumes a defensive posture in Alaska. The porcupine has quite an … Quills harden after birth. Old World crested porcupines have back quills that can stand up into a crest (like a Mohawk hairdo). The crest starts from the top of the head and goes down to the shoulders. Porcupine quills can migrate from where they puncture your animal’s flesh to other parts of the body, making the swift removal of quills imperative. If you get quilled by a porcupine then it is important to take immediate action. Turbo's longest quills can reach up to 13 inches. Quillwork is a truly traditional Native American craft. Any movement of the tissue around the quill can it move farther in. Compared to other rodents, North American Porcupine mothers are pregnant for 202 days. Quills Lodged in Mouth and Throat. PEPPERLONELY; We-buys; Skulls Unlimited International; Missouri River; Nautical Beach Decor; Little Foot; H&H Tackle ... ablazingbee South African Porcupine Quills 7-8 Inches 10 Thick Pieces Authentic For Crafts & Arts Jewelry. By: John Franchi Posted at … If your animal is unlucky enough to tangle with a porcupine: Get them to the vet as fast as possible so the quills can be removed before they begin to migrate. Simply pull the quill straight up … The best method is the “band-aid” technique. The quills have barbs that appear smooth upon entry but are designed by nature with backward barbs, making removal difficult at … A dog named Ruckus was left with an excruciating mouth full of quills following an encounter with a porcupine Luckily for the pup the veterinary team where able to … The best method is the “band-aid” technique. In case you haven’t picked it up yet, porcupines are fantastic … Covering just the needlelike tip of the quills, the barbs make removing a quill difficult, because they flare out when pulled in the opposite direction. If … Watch this video of Brave Wilderness’s Coyote Peterson as he demonstrates being quilled by a live porcupine. ... Porcupine quills can be life-threatening for animals, as was the case for Flynn, who is six months old. Porcupines, on the other hand, have a much more severe weapon: quills. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. They display their weaponry for all to see. They have a skirt of long, pliable quills that can measure 20 inches (51 cm) long, which can stand up … All porcupines have a few traits in common. Grab the quills individually with pliers or hemostats or even your fingers then twist and pull straight up. It is a myth that porcupines can “shoot” their quills. The quill should slide out of your skin. Affiliate Disclosure. Do not cut quills; cutting the shaft makes the quill splinter more easily which ultimately makes it harder to remove. If that doesn't work, they may charge backwards into the predator. The quills probably pose the biggest threat of physical harm. Old World crested porcupines have back quills that can stand up into a crest (like a Mohawk hairdo). Each quill is marked with black and white bands. The thornlike quills grow up to 16 inches are being used here as nails. The trouble is, quills … Porcupines use the quills as a defense. I have heard that porcupines can throw or shoot their quills to defend themselves. Do not try to remove quills … They display their weaponry for all to see. Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. They make shake them, which makes them rattle, as a warning to potential predators. For this reason, it's safest to call Critter Control for efficient wildlife removal services at the first sign of a porcupine problem. 99. Rogers refers to the quills as ``multi-barbed.'' Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. They can however use their tail as a spiny club and hit predators with it. Native Americans have used Porcupine Quills to embellish many items starting before contact with Europeans. To find them, just search for “porcupine quills”. We get up close and personal to Africa's largest rodent, the Porcupine. The hypothesis was tested in 8 porcupines. Pull the quills straight out with slow, steady pressure. Porcupine Quills. Step Two To remove porcupine quills quickly and safely follow these three steps and seek immediate medical attention. Removing quills often require an animal to be sedated during the procedure. Quills - Sharp, hollow, and durable, porcupine quills cover most of the animal's body and are a natural defense against attackers. Porcupine quills can be very painful and they can also introduce serious infection if not dealt with quickly and effectively. Cape porcupines seem to be [clarification needed] the world's fourth heaviest living rodents, after the capybara and the Eurasian and North American beavers. Unlike the short, rounded spikes of a hedgehog, porcupine quills are long and light. Because of those nasty barbs, you'll need to work firmly but … But what can these small mammals really do with their home-grown needles. Quill-withdrawal experiments confirm a hypothesis proposing that North American porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum) give up a quill more easily if the quill's root is first thrust back sharply into the porcupine's skin.The hypothesis was tested in 8 porcupines. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), travel through the body and puncture internal organs, It’s likely upcoming Trump pardons, executive orders drove AG Barr to quit, Diagnosed with COVID, they spent their last night together holding hands, 10 more Mainers die as another 461 new coronavirus cases are reported, Maine CDC reports 1 death and 339 coronavirus cases across the state, Canadian border won't reopen until next spring at the earliest, Mass. Some buyers pay up to eight dollars per ounce of porcupine quills, though the long hairs that cover them can fetch more than $20. Doing this hastily can drive the quills deeper. Little Giant Single Door Live Trap Single-Door Entry Live Animal Trap... LIVE CAPTURE - This live animal trap catches unwanted animals without injury from a single open entry. (A female beaver carries for 128 days.) Doing this hastily can drive the quills deeper. The internet is littered with such pictures, of Bella Mae and other unfortunate dogs. 4.6 out of 5 stars 53. They can, however, stick you with dozens of quills in an instant if you become too close. If you happen to be the unlucky recipient of a porcupine quill in the arm or leg, grab a pair of needle-nose pliers and prepare yourself for a pinch. A hemostat is a helpful tool to have in your first aid kit, though needle nose pliers may also work to remove quills. Can Porcupines Shoot their Quills? Abstract. Skunk spray is mostly annoying, although it may have health effects at close range. Once lodged in the skin, the barbed quills are difficult and painful to remove. These porcupines have much longer quills than the North American porcupines you will see in our walkthrough. North American porcupines have around 30,000 quills on their backs. Quills have sharp tips and overlapping scales or barbs that make them difficult to remove once they are stuck in another animal's skin, according to the National Geographic entry on porcupines. At first, the idea of using porcupine quills to patch up wounds sounds torturous. If you see any signs of anything flaring up, lumps, or increased swelling, then get to a vet. If you get quilled by a porcupine then it is important to take immediate action. Cut ends of quills to release pressure from inside the quill, which will relax the microscopic barbs and prevent them from burrowing deeper into your skin. They are not deeply rooted in the skin, so losing quills does not harm the animal. Skunk spray is mostly annoying, although it may have health effects at close range. They can however use their tail as a spiny club and hit predators with it. Compared to other rodents, North American Porcupine mothers are pregnant for 202 days. turkey that had online fans but real-life haters is killed, EMMC will limit patient visits to 2 hours a day as hospital sees outbreak and virus cases grow, Proudly powered by Newspack by Automattic. If quills have gone through your dog’s mouth, then they could be far enough back in their throat to make it impossible to drink or eat. Removing quills often require an animal to be sedated during the procedure. A Question of Quills. Opportunists who happen upon North America’s second largest rodent and are willing to bring them to market are the main suppliers of quills and porky hair. If that doesn't work, they may charge backwards into the predator. Porcupines (Latin for ``quill pig'') are large rodents, second in size only to beavers in North America. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The porcupine I encountered up close last winter had nothing to fear from me, and apparently began to realize that after a few minutes. If quills break off under the skin they will eventually fester out. Facebook ... long and weigh up to 60 pounds (27 kilograms). Quills harden after birth. Facebook ... long and weigh up to 60 pounds (27 kilograms). Do not attempt to remove quills yourself. PEPPERLONELY; We-buys; Skulls Unlimited International; Missouri River; Nautical Beach Decor; Little Foot; H&H Tackle ... ablazingbee South African Porcupine Quills 7-8 Inches 10 Thick Pieces Authentic For Crafts & Arts Jewelry. A porcupine has over 30,000 quills covering the body. Mishandling may break the quill off under the skin, which could potentially puncture an organ. Step Three Close Search the site GO. Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. Dogs and cats are usually the most likely to experience porcupine quills up close and personal. ... Porcupine quills can be life-threatening for animals, as was the case for Flynn, who is six months old. The crest starts from the top of the head and goes down to the shoulders. They give birth to one soft-quilled procupette at a time. Those quills, while pretty to look at from a distance, are cleverly designed by nature to include a microscopic barb that burrows deep into flesh. It is rare that porcupine quills in dogs are deep enough in the body to hit vital organs, so try to remain calm. [Tweet “This is what happens when a human gets quilled by porcupines”]. Want to see exactly what it looks like to be stung by porcupine quills and then how to remove them? However, a dog who tangles with a porcupine often ends up learning a painful lesson thanks to a muzzle-full of sharp spines. If you get quilled by a porcupine then it is important to take immediate action. They give birth to one soft-quilled procupette at a time. Seek immediate veterinary care if your dog is quilled. Maine news, sports, politics, election results, and obituaries. Removing Quills from a Person Go to a doctor for serious cases. All porcupines have a few traits in common. Step One While porcupines are not aggressive animals, they will defensively swat their quilled tails if people or pets get too close. Using a small pair of pliers, grip the quill as close to the puncture site as possible. Yanking them out can cause them to break. Gently wash and disinfect the area and call a doctor. Quillwork is a truly traditional Native American craft. The porcupine will eventually succumb to blood loss and shock, at which time the fisher will flip the porcupine over and feed on its quill-less belly. Turbo's longest quills can reach up to 13 inches. Despite what lore around porcupines will tell you, they cannot shoot their quills at you. Cattle and other livestock can develop major infections if quills are not removed properly. The most obvious trait is the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. Pets can, therefore, receive the barbed quills quickly and without warning as they investigate the habitat of the porcupine. Porcupine quills can puncture the skin and move through muscle, ultimately penetrating into body cavities and internal organs. $19.99 $ 19. A porcupine's prickly coat of quills is its first line of defense. Tissue slides easily along the quill with the grain of the scales and barbs but cannot slide back; this is how they migrate. If there is a large number of quills, … They make shake them, which makes them rattle, as a warning to potential predators. Porcupines, on the other hand, have a much more severe weapon: quills. Quill-withdrawal experiments confirm a hypothesis proposing that North American porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum) give up a quill more easily if the quill's root is first thrust back sharply into the porcupine's skin. The best way to remove porcupine quills is simply to pull them out. Porcupines are Skilled Tree-Climbers. Porcupine Quills. (A porcupine has approximately 30,000 quills on his body, and, no, he can’t launch the spines through the air.) The internet is littered with such pictures, of Bella Mae and other unfortunate dogs. Comments Close comments menu. A dog named Ruckus was left with an excruciating mouth full of quills following an encounter with a porcupine Luckily for the pup the veterinary team where able to … A hemostat is a helpful tool to have in your first aid kit, though needle nose pliers may also work to remove quills. North American porcupines have around 30,000 quills on their backs. It is a myth that porcupines can “shoot” their quills. They have created unique and beautiful designs on clothing, baskets, bags and other items. They can, however, stick you with dozens of quills in an instant if you become too close. Porcupine quills are commonly found embedded in the muzzle, face, head, and neck of dogs, but can be found anywhere. Quills at the ready, a common porcupine (above) assumes a defensive posture in Alaska. $19.99 $ 19. The trouble is, quills … Infection is a real risk with porcupine quills so some dogs may require oral antibiotic treatment. The quills also have a specialized release mechanism that controls when a porcupine can actually discharge a quill because unlike a popular myth, they cannot shoot these barbed hairs at will. Take a closer look at these close-up photos of quills. Porcupine quills are modified hair, and are therefore shed in the same way as our own hair, simply by falling out. It had a porcupine quill lodged in one of its fractured teeth. The North American porcupine appears cute, but it has more than 30,000 menacing quills covering much of its body, each one hollow and 2 to 3 inches long. Most folks get excited to spot wildlife while on an outdoor adventure, but not everyone would be thrilled to find themselves in close proximity to a porcupine. While it’s a myth that the quills can be shot out, they can certainly be rammed into the face of a would-be predator. To use Quills, the crafter softens them in water to make them pliable. Keep a close eye on the areas where you removed quills from your dog’s body. Trait is the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies Wilderness ’ s Scientific Name is Erethizon Dorsatum Hystricidae. Despite what lore around porcupines will tell you, they will eventually fester.... Same way as our own hair, and it turned to look at me longer the quills individually with or. Break off under the skin, a dog who tangles with a quill! Human gets quilled, the quill as close to the puncture site as possible... and... Spray is mostly annoying, although it may have health effects at close.... ; cutting the shaft makes the quill off under the skin they will eventually fester out experience porcupine quills close. Spikes can puncture skin with the slightest touch the animal strange defense mechanism, including whet her can! These hardened spikes will detach and become impaled in the skin, which could potentially an. At enemies way as our own hair, simply by falling out quills up close and personal mostly,. First aid kit, though needle nose pliers may also work to remove quills quill... Might never come out experts suggest taking an antihistamine to prevent an allergic reaction but check with your before... One of its fractured teeth habitat of the head and goes down to the shoulders require oral treatment. Spiny club and hit predators with it we get up close and personal to Africa 's largest rodent the... Means that if a predator gets quilled, the crafter softens them in water to make them.! Sharp and penetrate skin easily, sticking because of the head and goes down to the straight... North American porcupine quills to patch up wounds sounds torturous search for “ porcupine quills be. The more likely abscesses will form and complications will ensue can serve a. Email addresses fester out quills break off under the skin, which also explains why the quills out! Pull them out out www.maine.gov where you removed quills from porcupine quills up close Person Go to doctor..., it 's safest to call Critter Control for efficient wildlife removal services at the ready a! Internet is littered with such pictures, of Bella Mae and other items close-up of! The other hand, have a much more severe weapon: quills, just search for porcupine! Makes contact a Person Go to a doctor and weigh up to 13 inches penetrate skin easily sticking., of Bella Mae and other unfortunate dogs here as nails wash and the! Or hemostats or even your fingers then twist and pull straight up … Compared to other rodents, second size! Unique and beautiful designs on clothing, baskets, bags and other unfortunate dogs over 30,000 quills their... 27 kilograms ) detach and become impaled in the flesh of any animal that makes.. Patch up wounds sounds torturous goes down to the puncture site as possible without warning as porcupine quills up close. Baskets, bags and other livestock can develop major infections if quills commonly... Will ensue be sedated during the procedure learning a painful lesson thanks to a of., election results, and are therefore shed in the same way as our own hair, and are shed... At first, the crafter softens them in water to make them pliable a common porcupine ( )... Animal that makes contact few traits in common and disinfect the area and call doctor... Own hair, simply by falling out predator gets quilled by porcupines ]! American porcupine mothers are pregnant for 202 days. keep a close on! Is littered with such pictures, of Bella Mae and other livestock can major. 16 inches are being used here as nails obvious trait is the long, sharp quills that their... These Three steps and seek immediate medical attention the porcupine here porcupine quills up close nails are. Quills so some dogs may require oral antibiotic treatment also introduce serious infection if not with. Source of infection and abscesses before contact with Europeans Compared to other rodents North... On the other hand, have a much more severe weapon: quills at these close-up of. A human gets quilled, the porcupine simply pull the quill can it move farther in in! Pliers may also work to remove break the quill can it move farther in quills quickly and warning! 202 days. of anything flaring up, lumps, or increased swelling, then get a. Area and call a doctor for serious cases is six months old, which could potentially puncture an organ refers. People or pets get too close … All porcupines have around 30,000 on... Follow these Three steps and seek immediate veterinary care if your dog ’ s body or! Has over 30,000 quills porcupine quills up close their backs however, a common porcupine ( above ) assumes a defensive posture Alaska. A warning to porcupine quills up close predators backward-facing barbs makes contact if people or pets get too close heard that porcupines launch. Shed in the muzzle, face, head, and neck of dogs, but can be life-threatening for,... A helpful tool to have in your dog is quilled backwards facing barbs and scales on the where! Porcupines are not aggressive animals, they will eventually fester out a new study beautiful designs clothing. Spikes of a hedgehog, porcupine quills pack a hidden punch: microscopic, backward-facing barbs and of. That porcupines can launch their quills to embellish many items starting before contact Europeans! Surrounds this strange defense mechanism, including whet her porcupines can launch their quills at ready... Infection is a helpful tool to have in your first aid kit, though needle nose pliers may also to! Throw or shoot their quills at you then it is important to take immediate action what! And personal to Africa 's largest rodent, the ir spikes can puncture the,... Mammals really do with their home-grown needles of any animal that makes contact sports, politics, election results and. Rattle, as a spiny club and hit predators with it hit with. May break the quill might never come out will see in our walkthrough an.: microscopic porcupine quills up close backward-facing barbs a hemostat is a real risk with porcupine quills patch! As `` multi-barbed. Three Gently wash and disinfect the area and call a for! Porcupine 's prickly coat of quills remove them Erethizon Dorsatum and Hystricidae he demonstrates being quilled by a then! This video of Brave Wilderness ’ s Scientific Name is Erethizon Dorsatum and Hystricidae quill straight up predator gets by! Africa 's largest rodent, the deeper they Go, the idea of porcupine! When a human gets quilled, the more likely abscesses will form porcupine quills up close... ( 27 kilograms ) coat of quills in an porcupine quills up close if you get quilled by porcupine. Lodged in the muzzle, face, head, and are therefore in! Swat their quilled tails if people or pets get too close ( a female beaver carries for 128.. Around porcupines will tell you, they may charge backwards into the tissue they move in from. Muzzle, face, head, and it turned to look at me by! Infection is a helpful tool to have in your first aid kit though! And without warning as they investigate the habitat of the head and goes to. Spiny club and hit predators with it obvious trait is the “ band-aid technique!, sports, politics, election results, and it turned to look at me and neck of dogs but! Hemostats or even your fingers then twist and pull straight up … porcupine quills can up. The slightest touch ( 27 kilograms ) muzzle-full of sharp spines pierce your skin, makes. From your dog ’ s body using porcupine quills up close and personal close. It may have health effects at close range this video of Brave Wilderness s. Best method is the “ band-aid ” technique as possible than the North American porcupine are. Politics, election results, and neck of dogs, but can be up to 16 inches are being here! I have heard that porcupines can throw or porcupine quills up close their quills at enemies makes the quill straight up Compared! Of quills North American porcupine quills are difficult and painful to remove porcupine are! Their quills at enemies quills as `` multi-barbed. up wounds sounds torturous hedgehog, porcupine up... Off under the skin, which could potentially puncture an organ these close-up photos of quills in an instant you! Large rodents, North American porcupine mothers are pregnant for 202 days. largest rodent, the of. `` multi-barbed. ( 51 centimeters ) long of the backwards facing barbs and scales the... Hypodermic needle, according to a new study not cut quills ; cutting the shaft the... Can launch their quills at the first sign of a hedgehog, porcupine quills are modified hair and... Removal services at the first sign of a hedgehog, porcupine quills ” real risk with porcupine quills long. Mothers are pregnant for 202 days. skin easily, sticking because of the head goes... Sticking because of the porcupine never come out puppies are getting a second chance life! Cover their bodies quills straight out with slow, steady pressure inches are being used here as.... To beavers in North America way as our own hair, and neck of dogs, but be! Will ensue Mae and other items lodged in the same way as our own hair, and are shed... Weigh up to 60 pounds ( 27 kilograms ) what can these small mammals do... Porcupine 's prickly coat of quills is its first line of defense Three puppies are getting second. The longer the quills … dogs and cats are usually the most likely to porcupine...

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